Apresentação em tema: "Participatory Intervention with Children and Teenagers in Need, Federal District, Brazil Indyara de Araujo Morais Student of Public Health."— Transcrição da apresentação:
Participatory Intervention with Children and Teenagers in Need, Federal District, Brazil Indyara de Araujo Morais Student of Public Health
Participatory Intervention with Children and Adolescents in Need. Federal District. Brazil Indyara de Araujo Morais¹ Antonio Cipriano Neto¹ Emmanuel Garcia Nascimento¹ Matheus Jacobina de Jesus¹ Oscar Peixoto¹ Olga Maria Ramalho de Albuquerque² ¹ Graduate students in Public Health ² Professor of Graduation Public Health and counselor of the project.
Introduction Health Promotion Process of exchanging knowledge with the community to work on improving the quality of life and health, including greater participation in the control their healths determinants. (WHO, 1986)
Introduction Health Promotion Action Means: – Build Healthy Public Policy; – Strengthening Community Action; – Creating Supportive Environments to Health; – Development of Personal Skills; – Reorient Health Services; – Moving Into the Future. (WHO 1986)
Introduction According to the Brazilian Statute of Children and Teenagers: Child - people with up to twelve years incomplete Teenagers - people between twelve and eighteen years of age. It is the duty of the family, community, society in general and the public power to ensure, with absolute priority to put the rights concerning life, health, food, education, sports, leisure, professional training, culture, dignity, respect, freedom, and family life and community coexistence. (ECA, 1990)
Introduction The institution COSE - Education Advising Center Partner : – plays an important role in strengthening family life, which serves children, adolescents, adults and elderly community of low economic partner. – Offers various activities. – Its approach to health is the predominant socio environmental for all ages. But for children and adolescents the behavioral appears necessary.
Introduction "The actions taken at all levels of care, and treating and / or preventing diseases, intended also to promote child growth and development from the perspective of quality of life. (Marciel et al 2010) Children have a different characteristic, they tend to "mirror" in adults. (Assao 2007)
Objective To identify the needs from the children and teenagers, along with the researchers, in order to determine possible interventions.
Methodology Action research from Kurt Lewin. – The method of action research that has influence of the subject and investigator on the project. – Decisions about actions are taken collectively. – The dialogue between the researcher and the group establishes a relationship between the popular and scientific knowledge. There is an exchange of knowledge that ensures social sense in the production of knowledge and educational activities.
Methodology. Fig.01: Taguatinga, 25 km from the capital city of Brazil. Font: Google maps, 2012
Methodology There were 35 children and adolescents in the morning shift. We made five visits to COSE. 69% were boys and 31% were girls.
We played games with the children on the first day, because according to literature what the child likes best is to play. "It is playing that they learn to deal with the serious: to live, think and understand situations that they are still so complicated" (Araújo, 1998 ) After we talked to them, we asked them to draw what was health for themselves. All subsequent meetings were planned according to what the children spoke on this first day.
Results Truly what kids like to do most is play. But what teenagers and pre-teenagers most enjoy is to chat. For them being healthy is: 1.Having friends 2.Taking care of water 3.Having ambulances 4.Having hospitals 5.A well cared environment 6.Helping friends 7.Going to the health center
Results According to them is bad for children's health: 1.Dirt 2.Dust 3.Too much clean 4.High fat foods 5.Drugs 6.Lack of hygiene 7.A lot of noise 8.Tobacco 9.Do not play 10.Eating too much candy
Results Identifying needs: Read more Performing drama Stencil Workshop Sports Arts Storytelling Play trampoline Computer Room Video Room Foreign language Movies Performing trips Swimming lessons Play more
Results Activities developed: – Joking node; – Drawing about health; – Game of musical chairs; – Jokes with balloons; – Jump rope; – Soccer game; – Basketball game; – Chess; – Domino game; – Checkers game; – Joke spelling; – Play dodgeball; – Films.
Results Partnership and empowerment of the group members. Building an environment of peace between them with the interaction of children and adolescents whom they did not know, despite spending half the day together.
Results * To be a singer, a dj, a doctor, a nurse, a journalist, a cop, a teacher, a gynecologist.
Relationship between researchers and researched. Develop an intervention with existing resources. The biggest difficulty was the number of children and the variety of ages. In our analysis group into children and adolescents evaluated that we can promote the union in the group.
Final Considerations Including children as a partner in the development of joint intervention, the act of listening and involve them in decisions making, has contributed to its formation as a citizen through legitimating their voices and their perspectives. It helped them to develop an environment that meets their real needs.
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