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‘Lusophone’ Africa in the Archives: institutions and collections

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Apresentação em tema: "‘Lusophone’ Africa in the Archives: institutions and collections"— Transcrição da apresentação:

1 ‘Lusophone’ Africa in the Archives: institutions and collections
Philip J. Havik Instituto de Investigação Cientifica Tropical (IICT), Lisbon

2 Portuguese Archives Sociedade de Geografia (SGL) – Lisbon, 1875
Important library: vols. Archives: 6000 docs. Former location of Escola Colonial/Colonial School Arquivo Histórico Militar (AHM) – Lisbon, 1911 Search tools using keywords; former colonies Africa (in 8 collections) Importance for study of ‘wars of pacification‘ in Africa Important collection photographs colonial period

3 Portuguese Archives Instituto dos Arquivos Nacionais do Torre do Tombo (IANTT) – 1376 Search tools - catalogues on-line (TT On-line) Relevant collections: Crown Archives; Corpo Cronológico ( ); Crown Companies e.g. CGPM; Inquisition ( ); Arquivo Salazar ( ); PIDE (Secret Services, ) Digitisation documents Inquisition completed; access on-line; deunciations & trials with reference to Africa

4 Portuguese Archives Arquivo Histórico Diplomático do Ministério dos Negócios Estrangeiros (AHD) 6000 ms of docs Main collections: Embassies, legations & diplomatic representations (1819 a 1985); Missions & legations at in multilateral organizations ( ); international treaties ( ); catalgs. not online Relevant data on colonial wars Arquivo Histórico da Armada (AHA)/Biblioteca Central da Marinha 13 kms docs.; from 17C; but main collections 19 & 20C; catalogues not on-line

5 Colonial Archives Arquivo Histórico Ultramarino (AHU/Iinstituo de Investigação Científica Tropical (I ICT) 16 kms of documentation 50% pertain to the archives of the Colonial Ministry (MU) Other half includes the archives of the Overseas Council (early 1600s-1833) and the SEMU (Secr. Estado da Marinha e Ultramar) Extensive collections cover CV, G, Ang., STP & Moz.

6 Colonial Archives Inventory of papers OC (with fin. support Culture Ministry Brazil - Projecto Resgate) incl. digitisation of documents Only partial inventory MU; not on-line Library search tool online Limited digitised collections International collaborations mainly with ‘Lusophone’ archives

7 Cape Verde Arquivo Histórico Nacional (Cape Verde) » (Ministry of Culture) 6 kms of documentation Main focus: Colonial Administration C – incl. data on slave trade Judiciary (18-20C) Church Registers ( C) » genealogies » also see sites of important CV lineages On-line research tools using key words » identification documents/file & short description Bibliographical research on-line

8 Cape Verde Large collection of photographs colonial period; scanning currently underway in cooperation with Universidade de Aveiro/Memórias de África Project Collaborations with AHU ‘Resgate do acervo histórico de Cabo Verde em Portugal’ funded by Min. Culture CV » sharing of collections on CV & direct access to AHU collection in AHN/CV Collaborations with Fundação Mário Soares(FMS) & Fundação Amílcar Cabral for sharing collections on AC Project ‘África Atlântica: da documentação ao conhecimento, sécs. XVII-XIX’ funded by FCT Member ICA

9 Guinea Bissau Arquivo Histórico (Guiné Bissau) » 1984
Instituto Nacional de Investigação Científica (INIC) » Instituto Nacional de Estudos e Pesquisa - INEP) bissau.org/Arquivos/tabid/118/Default.aspx Limited on-line research tools; only limited inventory AH; access to a few scanned docs. via site Fundação Mário Soares:

10 Guinea Bissau Until the 1998/9 Bissau War approx. 1,3 km of documents; archives (and library) Large part collection photographs lost during war Collaboration with Fundação Mário Soares (FMS) from 2007 » inventory surviving archive & scanning documents Archives reopen in 2009 with support from (FMS) Digitisation continues with support of British Library Endangered Archives Project (until 2012) Archives of the PAIGC » microfilmed by FMS

11 Angola Arquivo Histórico (Nacional) de Angola » 1967
Ministry of Culture Collection of documents 18C – 20C: slave trade; colonial administration; Curadoria dos Negócios Indígenas; chartered companies e.g. DIAMANG; COTONANG; municipal archives; To date no internet site for AHNA or on-line catalogues; part of vast AHA collections not yet re- inventorised (previous catalogue dates back to 1966) (Partial) catalogues accessible in AHNA

12 Angola Collaboration with AHU & UNESCO » recovery of the Acervo Histórico dos Dembos (incl. correspondence between NDembu chiefs and Portuguese administration – 19/20C) Collaboration with Brazil - Universidade Federal Fluminense (RJ) Projeto Acervo Digital Angola Brasil (since 2006) Recent proposals for establishing the Arquivo Histórico dos PALOP in Luanda

13 São Tomé e Príncipe Arquivos Histórico de São Tomé e Príncipe – 1969
(on-line since 2012) Main collections: Colonial Administration (early 18 C – 20C), incl Curadoria Geral dos Negocios Indígenas on plantations or roças & (forced) labour serviçais/contratados; Civil Register (mid 19 C – 20C); Municipal Council of Island of Príncipe ( ) Important collection of photographs, partly digitised & available on-line Access to collection also via Fundação Mário Soares (FMS) » former Portuguese PM & President banned to São Tomé by Estado Novo regime in 1968

14 STP Collaboration with IANTT (1995), Memória de Africa Project Universidade de Aveiro (2006) & Fundação Mário Soares (since 2011) Collaboration with IANTT for the creation of the Arquivo Histórico da Ilha do Príncipe » focus on roças & serviçais Fundo Francisco Mantero ( ) kept at AHU (approx docs.), half of which referred in partial catalogue; important for research on plantations/roças such as Monte Café

15 Mozambique Arquivo Histórico de Moçambique – 1934
Since 1976 » Universidade Eduardo Mondlane Main collections: Negócios Indígenas ( ); Colonial Administration ( ); Companhia de Moçambique ( ); Lourenço Marques District ( ); Mission papers; manuscripts in Arabic Catalogues not on line; only partial inventory of vast collections; important collection photographs colonial period » accessible through site Universidade Federal de Bahia -hist%C3%B3rico-de-mo%C3%A7ambique-ahm

16 Mozambique Microfilms docs. on Moz. in Port archives (since 1983)
Oral history recordings (since 1980s) Boletim Arquivo ( ) & Boletim BI Arquivo on line (since 2011) Collaboration with ALUKA (digital library on Africa) » for digitisation of AHM collections (since 2004/5) » Negócios Indígenas, Armed Forces, PIDE, Frelimo, newspapers Support IPAD/Camões & IANTT (since 2005) Part archives of Companhia de Moçambique ( ) - Grupo Entreposto after at IANTT in Lisbon

17 Lusophone Networks Fórum dos Arquivos de Língua Portuguesa (FALP) » (secretariat based in Lisbon at the AHU/IICT) Angola, Brazil, Cape Verde, Mozambique, Portugal, São Tomé e Príncipe & Timor-Leste As well as the Arquivo Histórico de Macau Six joint meetings since 2003; secretariat AHU Links with ICA Comissão Luso Brasileira para a Salvaguarda e Divulgação do Património Documental (COLUSO) since 1996

18 Lusophone Projects Project ‘África Atlântica: da documentação ao conhecimento, sécs. XVII-XIX’ ( ) incl. historical archives of Brazil,Cape Verde, Guinea Bissau, São Tomé & Principe funded by FCT in collaboration with ICA Project ‘Meio século de ciência colonial: olhares cruzados sobre o arquivo e a actividade científica da Comissão de Cartografia ( ), (2009-) incl. archives of Angola, Cape Verde, Guinea Bissau, Mozambique, São Tomé & Príncipe, Macau & Timor-Leste; funded by FCT, Project ‘Os Gabinetes Coloniais de Urbanização: Cultura e Prática Arquitectónica’ ( ), AHU/IICT, Instituto Camões, Instituto da Habitação e da Reabilitação Urbana (IHRU)

19 Projects (cont.) Project ‘Meio século de ciência colonial: olhares cruzados sobre o arquivo e a actividade científica da Comissão de Cartografia ( )’, AHU/IICT with archives of Angola, Cape Verde, Guinea Bissau, Macau, Mozambique, São Tomé & Principe & Timor-Leste; funded by FCT; Project ‘EWV_Visões cruzadas dos mundos: arquitectura moderna na África Lusófona ( )’, incl. AHU/IICT, Instituto Camões, Universidade do Minho, Instituto da Habitação e da Reabilitação Urbana (IHRU), funded by FCT

20 Projects (cont.) Project ‘Inventário dos Arquivos do Ministério do Ultramar’, incl. AHU/IICT & DGARQ/IANTT funded by the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation esentation/index.php

21 International Networks
International Council on Archives (ICA) & EURBICA (EU regional branch) ICRTA (International Conference of the Round Table on Archives) Association of Archives and Records Management (ARMA)


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