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Use of the System of Intelectual Property by SMEs in Brazil: methodological aspects and some results Sergio Medeiros Paulino de Carvalho Director of Partnership.

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Apresentação em tema: "Use of the System of Intelectual Property by SMEs in Brazil: methodological aspects and some results Sergio Medeiros Paulino de Carvalho Director of Partnership."— Transcrição da apresentação:

1 Use of the System of Intelectual Property by SMEs in Brazil: methodological aspects and some results Sergio Medeiros Paulino de Carvalho Director of Partnership and Technological Information INPI Brazil Meeting of Expert Group for Defining the Scope and the Methodology for National Survey-Studies on Intellectual Property and SMEs Geneva, September 17th, 2009

2 Previous Informations Study cordinated by Dr. Salles Filho, Sergio (DPCT/Unicamp), published by WIPO Accomplished by the request of OMPI Report delivered in September 2005 Period of analysis:

3 Structure of Presentation Methodology: main aspects origin of data presenting: INPI + IBGE (Statistic Brazilian Agency) Direct interview with 11 dilligent members from SMEs technology based Use of IP by SMEs: exploring the data Conclusions and indications of politics

4 Methodology: main aspects Stablishment of different relations: Size X Type of protection Size X Type of protection Size X Sectorial Analysis (CNAE) Size X Sectorial Analysis (CNAE) Sector Analysis (CNAE) X Type of protection Sector Analysis (CNAE) X Type of protection Sectorial Dynamism X Company Strategy Sectorial Dynamism X Company Strategy

5 Methodology: main aspects Origin of data: INPI basis Request of the data base: the requests of patents and industrial design Name of company Name of company CNPJ – company registration number CNPJ – company registration number Year of request Year of request Protection type Protection type CNAE - national economic activity classification CNAE - national economic activity classification

6 Origin of data: INPI basis INPI DATA BASE Subtotal SubtotalUMIP Total IND. DESIGN. PATENTSYEAR

7 Origin of data: IBGE basis Request of data base of the Central File of Enterprises (CEMPRE) Informations about the Enterprises, including CNAE - National Classification of Economic Activity and number of employees Name of company Name of company Company Registration CNPJ Company Registration CNPJ CNAE - National Classification of Economic Activity CNAE - National Classification of Economic Activity Size Size 0-4 people MICRO 5-19 people SMALL people MEDIUM 100 or over LARGE

8 Problems Upon such correlations, it had been verified some inconsistencies that had requested the exchanging of size of some corporations. As consequence from the use by the central corporation files of IBGE (Cempre), the central units of such big companies based on the year of 2002, some of these notorious companies, with a high number of requests of IP had been classified as micro, small or medium companies. As such data would generate great distortion ( how would it make that an entire class of CNAE would become dominated by micro companies), it had been and alteration based upon the criteria of number of employees from the units of manufactures.

9 Problems 2 The cases had been the followings: Reclassification from micro to big companies Grendene S/A Grendene S/A Bombril Cirio S/A Bombril Cirio S/A MRV Indústria e Comércio S/A MRV Indústria e Comércio S/A Brasil Telecom Participações S/A Brasil Telecom Participações S/A Rhodia-Ster S/A Rhodia-Ster S/A Weg S/A Weg S/A Philip Morris Brasil Indústria e Comércio Ltda Philip Morris Brasil Indústria e Comércio Ltda Sszk Empreendimentos Participaçoes Ltda Sszk Empreendimentos Participaçoes Ltda RCD Comércio e Indústria Ltda RCD Comércio e Indústria Ltda

10 Problems 3 Reclassification from small to big companies Ediouro Publicações De Passatempos E Multimídia Ltda Ediouro Publicações De Passatempos E Multimídia Ltda Lousano Indústria de Condutores Elétricos Ltda Lousano Indústria de Condutores Elétricos Ltda

11 Direct Interviews: search for qualitative data Alellyx Ampla Consultoria BiowareCI&TEletroventoGriaule Ícaro Technologies ScyllaTechmat Vácuo Flex Ybios

12 Exploring the acquainted data Request for industrial property, according to type of protection, by size ( ) LARGE MEDIUM SMALL Micro SubtotalUMIP Total INDUSTRIAL DESIGN PATENTS SIZE

13 Exploring the acquainted data Number of Enterprises with requests of Intelectual Property, by size of company, ( )

14 Exploring the acquainted data Number of Enterprises with requests of Patents of Invention, Utility Models and both by type of enterprise, ( )

15 Exploring the acquainted data Number of Enterprises with request of Patents, Industrial Design and both by the size of enterprise, ( )

16 Exploring the acquainted data Sectorial profile of protection from SMEs (25% of requests – 7 classes) Manufact. of articles made out of wood, except window frames Manufact. of wood furniture predominantely Manufact. of other electric appliances 34210Manufact. of plastic shoes Manufact. of stoves, refrigerators, washing machines and dryers to the domestic use 5229 Manufact. of machinery and equip. for agriculture, chicken crops and to obtain animal products Manufacturing of several artfacts from plastic material IDUMIPDESCRIPTION CLASS CNAE

17 Exploring the acquainted data: Microcompanies Sectorial Profile of requests of patents of Patents (25% of requests – 7 classes) 25718Wholesale Commerce of equilment and office furniture, computer, and communication, including supplies 25619Manufact. of other equipments or electrical appliances Manufact. of machinery and equip. for agriculture, chicken crops and to obtain animal products Publicity Other activities from 3 rd parties, mainly to the ones not previoulsy mentioned Manufacturing of artfacts derivated from plastic material Wholesale Commerce and other products not previously mentioned TOTALMUPI PATENTSDESCRIPTION CLASS CNAE

18 Exploring the acquainted data: Microcompanies Sectorial profile of industrial design (35% of requests – 7 classes) 2,0212Manufact. of wood furniture predominantely 2,1813Publicity 2,8617Manufact. of wearing pieces, Execution of underwear (men/women), t-shirts, shirts, similarities 4,7128Manufact. of artfacts made out of leather 6,3938 Other activities of 3 rd parties mainly to the companies not previously mentioned 7,0642Manufacturing of artfacts different from plastic materials 9,2455 Wholesale Commercer of other products not previoulsy especified % N. REQUESTS DESCRIPTION CLASS CNAE

19 Exploring the aquainted data: Small Companies Sectorail Profile of the requested patents (25% of requests – 7 classes) 972 Wholesale Commerce of machinery, supplies and equipments for industrial use, technical and professional, and other uses not previously mentioned 936Publicity 1046Manutenção e rep. máq. e equip. uso geral 1578 Manufact. of machinery and equip. for agriculture, chicken crops and to obtain animal products 1688Manufact. of other electronic appliances 19154Manufact. of other products elaborated from metal Manufacturing of artfacts different from plastic material TOTALMUPI PATENTES DESCRIPTION CLASS CNAE

20 Exploring the acquainted data: Small Companies Perfil setorial de pedidos de desenho industrial (40% dos pedidos – 7 classes) 3,6915 Fabricação prodt. div. 3,6915 Fabricação brinquedos e jogos recreativos 4,6719 Fabricação luminárias e equip. iluminação exc. p/ veíc. 4,9120 Fabricação móveis com predom. mad. 5,6523 Benef. outras fibras text. nat. 7,8632 Fabricação artef. div. mat. plástico 9,3438 Fabricação Art. cutelaria % N. PEDIDOS DESCRIÇÃO CLASSE CNAE

21 Exploring the acquainted data; Medium Companies Sectorail Profile of the requested patents (26% of requests – 7 classes) Manufact. of stoves, refrigerators, washing machines and dryers to the domestic use Fabricação art. serralheria exceto esquadrias Fabricação móveis com predom. mad Fabricação artef. div. mat. plástico 1899 Manufact. of machinery and equip. for agriculture, chicken crops and to obtain animal products Manufact. of other electrical appliances Manufacturing of other machinery and equipment of general use TOTALMUPI PATENTSDESCRIPTION CLASS CNAE

22 Exploring the acquainted data: Medium Companies Sectorial Profile of requested Industrial Design (50% of resquests – 8 classes) 2,7514Fabricação artef. div. mat. plástico 2,9415Fabricação massas alimentícias 2,9415Fabricação artef. concreto, cim., fibrocimento, gesso e estuque 3,1416Fabricação prodt. div. 4,9025Fabricação embalagem mat. plástico 6,0831Fabricação brinquedos e jogos recreativos 8,8245Fabricação móveis com predom. mad. 19,0297Fabricação art. serralheria exc. esquadrias % N. PEDIDOS DESCRIÇÃO CLASSE CNAE

23 Exploring acquainted data: Top 10 requested deposits – Large Companies Fab. tênis qq. mat São Paulo Alpargatas S/A. Fab. compressores73 Empresa Brasileira De Compressores S A Embraco Ativ. do Correio Nacional806659Empresa Brasileira De Correios e Telégrafos – ECT Extr. out minerais metálicos ñ ferrosos962571Companhia Vale Do Rio Doce Fab. aviamentos p/ costura Metalurgica Altero Industria e Comercio Ltda Fab. máq. e equip. p/ agric., avic. e obt. prodt. anim Semeato Sa Industria e Comercio Fab. fogões, refrigeradores e máq. lavar e secar p/ uso doméstico Multibrás S/A Eletrodomésticos Fab. out. apar. eletrod Arno S/A. Com. var. móveis, art. iluminação e out. art. p/ residência Euromobile Interiores S/A Fab. calçados plástico Grendene S/A. DESCRIÇÃO CLASSE CNAETotalDIMUPINOME

24 Exploring acquainted data: Top 10 requested deposits – Medium Companies Fab. out. pç. e acesss. p/ veíc. automot. ñ espec. ant.14122Enforth Indústria e Comércio de Auto Peças Ltda. E.P.P. Fab. art. serralheria exc. esquadrias1495Metalurgica Couselo Ltda Fab. prodt. div.15141Industrias Vitória Ltda Fab. massas alimentícias15 Pop Pizza Ltda. Me. Fab artef concreto, cim, fibrocim, gesso e estuque15141Usina Fortaleza Ind. e Com. de Massa Fina Ltda Fab. brinquedos e jogos recreativos17 Plasticos Nillo Indústria E Comércio Ltda Manut. e rep. máq. e equip. uso específico181422Padova Indústria E Comércio De Componentes Para Calçad. Fab. móveis com predom. mad Metalurgica Voltru Ltda. Fab. out. apar. eletrod Sintex Industrial De Plásticos Ltda. Fab. art. serralheria exc. esquadrias90846Obispa Metalurgica Ltda. DESCRIÇÃO CLASSE CNAETotalDIMUPINOME

25 Exploring the acquainted data: Top 10 requests for deposit – Small Companies Com. a varejo e por atacado pç. e acesss. p/ veíc. automot.10631Carwin Acessórios Ltda. Com. atac. out. prodt. intermediários ñ agropecuários, ñ espec. ant.10361Eltete Do Brasil Ltda. Fab. out. prodt. elaborados metal1064Equiprint Máquinas e Equipamentos Serigráficos Ltda Fab. brinquedos e jogos recreativos1064Homeplay Industrial Ltda. Com. atac. máq., apar. e equip. p/ usos ind., téc. e prof., e out. usos, ñ espec. ant Top Taylor Importação e Comércio Ltda. Fab. artef. div. mat. plástico11 Alban Indústria e Comércio de Embalagens Ltda. Fab. prodt. div.15 Cida Cristal Indústria E Comércio Ltda. Me. Fab. luminárias e equip. iluminação exc. p/ veíc.18 Light Design Do Brasil Indústria e Comércio Ltda. Benef. outras fibras text. nat.23 Linhas Rayza Chemical Fiber. Ltda. Fab. art. cutelaria38 Rsn Metais Ltda. DESCRIÇÃO CLASSE CNAETotalDIMUPINOME

26 Exploring the acquainted data: Top 10 requested deposits - Microcompanies Com. atac. cosméticos e prodt. perfum.10 Parceria Distributor and Commerce Ltda. Publicidade11821Attack Industry, Commerce and Representatives Ltda. Fab. móveis com predom. metal11722Cerantola from Brasil Ltda. Com. var. móveis, art. iluminação e out. art. p/ residência 1183Lmgo Furniture CommerceLtda Com. a varejo e por atacado pç. e acesss. p/ veíc. automot Di Fatto Vehicle Accessories Ltda Com. atac. fios text., tecidos, artef. tecidos e armarinho 12111Universe Industry and Commerce Internacional Ltda Fab. artef. div. mat. plástico15132Thomriss Industry and Commerce of Plásticos Ltda Com. var. out. prodt. ñ espec. ant.18 Qix International Marketing Ltda Out. ativ. serv. prestados principalmente às emps., ñ espec. ant Sm Management and Business Ltda. Fab. out. artef. couro26 New releases Creations in Leather Ltda. DESCRIPTION CLASS CNAETotalDIMUPINOME

27 Brief Appointments Absolut importance of the Industrial Design in the purpose of the sustainability of corporate assets The bigger the size, the bigger the need of the use of the protection tools The utilization is also responsability from the sectorial differentiations, particularly in relation to the strategy of some entreprises Capability politics may be important so a bigger number of enterprises can access the system, as long as the variable IP must be part of the strategy acctuation plan of the enterprise


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