Apresentação em tema: "V WHOSE WATER IS THIS? Challenges of participatory water management in Brazil: the case of Cantareira. Fabiana Barbi Master’s student at PROCAM – USP (University."— Transcrição da apresentação:
V WHOSE WATER IS THIS? Challenges of participatory water management in Brazil: the case of Cantareira. Fabiana Barbi Master’s student at PROCAM – USP (University of Sao Paulo) The Piracicaba, Capivari, Jundiai Watershed Committee and the water permit renewal process of the Cantareira System.
Presentation Content 1. Research context 2. Research question 3. Theoretical Approach 4. Research Directions 5. Methodological Approach 6. Conclusions
The Region at a glance Second industrial pole in the country Responsible for 7% of Gross Internal Product Around 5 million people in 15.320 km2 74 municipalities (69 in SP and 5 in MG) and 5 in MG)
Environment Civil society began to worry about the environment in this region in the 60’s, motivated by the fish kill due to river pollution. This mobilization got stronger in the 70’s with intense river pollution due to industrial and demographical development and the water diversion to SP through the Cantareira System. All this led to the creation of the Consortium in 1989.
The system was built in 1973 and is comprised of 07 dams, 07 water diversions and 48 km of tunnels and canals which allow, after the treatment at ETA Guaraú, the distribution of 31 m3/s of water in the SP Metropolitan Region according to the water permit from 1974.
CAIEIRAS MAIRIPORÃ GUARULHOS ARUJÁ SUZANO SÃO PAULO V.G. PAUL. ITAPEVÍ COTIA EMBU JANDIRA S.B.DO CAMPO S.LOURENÇO. DA SERRA ITAP. DA SERRA Juquitiba T.DA SERRA S.C. DO SUL STO. ANDRÉ MAUÁ R.PIRES R.G. SERRA F. VAS. POÁ S. do Parnaíba SUZANO Mogi das Cruzes ITAQUA OSASCO P. B. Jesus ARUJÁ F. DA ROCHA Guararema Biritiba Mirim Salesópolis F. MORATO CAIEIRAS CARAP. GUARULHOS EMBU GUAÇU DIADEMA. São Paulo Osasco Carap. Cotia R.da Graça Embu Itap. Da Serra Embu Guaçu S.Lourenço da Serra Itapeví Jandira BARUERÍ R.Guara Piranga R.Jundiaí R.Biritiba Mirim R.Paraitinga R.P. Nova R. R. do Campo R.Billings S.B.do Campo Diadema Sto. André T. da Serra R.P.Beicht V.G. Paul. Cajamar Mairiporã Sta. Isabel R.Juquerí F. da Rocha F. Morato Caieiras Guarulhos S.C. do Sul Mauá R.Pires R.G. Serra F. Vas. Poá Suzano Itaqua Arujá R.Taiaçupeba R. Águas Claras BARUERÍ Sistema Cantareira Sistema Alto Cotia Sistema Baixo Cotia Sistema Guarapiranga Sistema Rio Claro Sistema Alto Tietê Sistema Rio Grande 49% 6% 1,3% 15% 20% 1,7% 0,2% Rib Estiva Sistema Ribeirão da Estiva 7% Importância Relativa dos Sistemas Produtores Reservoirs Importance
Research question Facing the decentralization process in the water management and the possibility of different actors taking part in this process, the interest conciliation, cooperation capacity among actors and conflict negotiation are necessary. Facing the decentralization process in the water management and the possibility of different actors taking part in this process, the interest conciliation, cooperation capacity among actors and conflict negotiation are necessary. ?? How the cooperation history among the PCJ Committee members contributed to strengthen its negotiation capacity in the water permit renewal process of the Cantareira System? ?? How the cooperation history among the PCJ Committee members contributed to strengthen its negotiation capacity in the water permit renewal process of the Cantareira System?
Important Changes Water Management State System from 1991, based in the French model. Decentralized Decentralized Shared Shared Participative Participative Creation of the Watershed Committees. Define strategies and projects on the watershed. Define strategies and projects on the watershed. PCJ Committee was the first one in 1993.
PCJ Committee Structure Directory President; Vice-President; Executive Secretary Technical Chamber of Planning (Plenary Members) Civil Society Civil Society 17 organizations 17 Votes Municipalities Municipalities 69 Mayors 17 Votes State State 17 Entities 17 Votes CT-PB Watersh ed PlanCT-OL Permits and licensesCT-RN Natural resources conservati on and protectionCT-SA sanitingCT-AS Undergrou nd waterCT-ID Technology and research difusionCT-MH Hydrological monitoringCT-SAM Environm ental health GA-Plano GA-Rel. Sit. CT-EA Environme ntal educationCT-Rural Water use and conservation in rural areas GT CANTAREIRA
Water permit renewal process Many actors involved with different interests. Negotiation lasted one and a half year.
The Cantareira Permit Now and Then. 1974 – centralized decision 30 years permit Water priority to Sao Paulo M A (31 from 33 m 3 /s) Centralized management by Sabesp 2004 – participative process 10 years permit Gradual change in water priority (water bank, 6 m 3 /s to PCJ) Participatory management
Research Direction There is a satisfatory stock of cooperation, cooperation, trust, trust, solidarity and solidarity and reciprocity among the members in this Committe reciprocity among the members in this Committe so that they can build institutional arrangements, adopting coordinated strategies to negotiate solutions to shared management problems, for instance, in the case of the water permit renewal.
Theoretical Approach “Much of the world is dependent on resources that are subject to the possibility of a tragedy of the commons.” (E. Ostrom) “A group in an interdependence situation can organize and govern in order to obtain joint continuous benefits when they adopt coordinated strategies.” (E. Ostrom) Social capital The capacity that a group has to develop trust ties and cooperation networks in order to produce collective goods.
Methodological Approach Cognitive social capital: trust, solidarity, reciprocity and cooperation. Structural social capital: social networks. Coordinated strategies lead to collective action – decision making, participation, resources mobilization and management, communication and conflict resolution.
Conclusions o The Cantareira system water use permit renewal process opened important channels of participation, allowing the Universities to play an important role. o The negotiation process strengthened the Committee as a water management organization and the water management system as a whole. o It raised awareness in how people reflect on the natural resources depletion.
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