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MicroRNA signatures in human cancers George A. Calin and Carlo M. Croce Os velhos oncogenes e supressores de tumor As ciclinas/CDKs e seus inibidores ncRNA!

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Apresentação em tema: "MicroRNA signatures in human cancers George A. Calin and Carlo M. Croce Os velhos oncogenes e supressores de tumor As ciclinas/CDKs e seus inibidores ncRNA!"— Transcrição da apresentação:

1 MicroRNA signatures in human cancers George A. Calin and Carlo M. Croce Os velhos oncogenes e supressores de tumor As ciclinas/CDKs e seus inibidores ncRNA! Os longos andam devagar Os pequenos explodiram recentemente = miRNA –20 a 22 nt processados de 60 – 110 nt –450 na miRBase (confirmados, mais mil por vir) –Drosha, Dicer, Argonauta –Alterados em leucemia (primeiro caso)  INSTABILIDADE Supressores de tumor –miR-15a and miR-16-1) Oncogenes –miR-155 or members of the miR-17–92 cluster

2 Perfil em células normais e tumor Microarranjo de oligo e chips Beads e citometria de fluxo SAGE de miRNA (miRAGE) Mais de mil tumores já foram analisados

3 The main advantage of the microarray-based miRNA profiling technique is the high standardization of the procedure (which enables tens of samples to be processed in parallel), whereas the main advantage of the bead-based miRNA profiling is that, because hybridization takes place in solution (instead of a glass surface), it offers a higher specificity for closely related miRNAs.

4 The profiling of 836 solid tissue and haematological primary cancers (and corresponding normal tissues samples) using the microarray technology (as described in REF. 39) and reported to date is shown. The exact number of analysed samples from each tumour type (corresponding normal controls included) is shown.

5 The common expression signature in six solid cancers indicates common altered regulatory pathways involving the same microRNA (miRNA) genes (named on the right side of the dendrogram)47. These miRNAs could be considered as ‘cancer markers’, because variations of their expression could identify the cancerous state..

6 The distinct clusters identified by miRNA profiles in chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL)49 were further confirmed to be associated with prognostic factors and disease progression35. Note also that various normal haematopoietic samples cluster in a group that is distinct from all CLL samples. MNC, mononuclear cells; Ly, B lymphocytes; CD5, a subset of B lymphocytes largely accepted to represent the equivalent of malignant cells in CLL93.

7 Inibidores ATP miméticos Flavopiridol Roscovitine Derivados de vitamina K Oxidação irreversível da cisteína catalítica NSC e JUN1111 são os mais potentes Compostos naturias adociaquinone B (extrato de esponja marinha) Alguns inibidores: sub  M a 20 nM Alguns ativos quando administrados oralmente BN82685 IRC Terapias


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