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As sentenças com objeto direto ou indireto podem ser colocadas na voz passiva. FORMAÇÃO verbo "to be" + particípio do "vp“ vp - verbo principal O tempo.

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Apresentação em tema: "As sentenças com objeto direto ou indireto podem ser colocadas na voz passiva. FORMAÇÃO verbo "to be" + particípio do "vp“ vp - verbo principal O tempo."— Transcrição da apresentação:

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2 As sentenças com objeto direto ou indireto podem ser colocadas na voz passiva. FORMAÇÃO verbo "to be" + particípio do "vp“ vp - verbo principal O tempo do verbo "to be" na voz passiva deve estar de acordo com o tempo do verbo na voz ativa.

3 Simple present Bill drinks wine. (Bill bebe vinho.) Wine is drunk by Bill. (Vinho é bebido por Bill.) Simple past Bill drank wine. (Bill bebeu vinho.) Wine was drunk by Bill. (Vinho foi bebido por Bill.) Singular forms

4 Simple future Bill will drink wine. (Bill beberá vinho.) Wine will be drunk by Bill. (Vinho será bebido por Bill.) Simple conditional Bill would drink wine. (Bill beberia vinho.) Wine would be drunk by Bill. (Vinho seria bebido por Bill.)

5 Present continuous Bill is drinking wine. (Bill está bebendo vinho.) Wine is being drunk by Bill. (Vinho está sendo bebido por Bill.) Past continuous Bill was drinking wine. (Bill estava bebendo vinho.) Wine was being drunk by Bill. (Vinho estava sendo bebido por Bill.)

6 Present perfect Bill has drunk wine. (Bill tem bebido vinho.) Wine has been drunk by Bill. (Vinho tem sido bebido por Bill.) Past perfect Bill had drunk wine. (Bill tinha bebido vinho.) Wine had been drunk by Bill. (Vinho tinha sido bebido por Bill.)

7 Bill can drink wine. (capacidade) (Bill pode beber vinho) Bill may drink wine. (possibilidade) (Bill pode beber vinho) Bill must drink wine. (obrigação, necessidade) (Bill deve beber vinho) Bill should drink wine. (conselho) (Bill deveria beber vinho) Wine can be drunk by Bill. (Vinho pode ser bebido por Bill.) Wine may be drunk by Bill. (Vinho pode ser bebido por Bill.) Wine must be drunk by Bill. (Vinho deve ser bebido por Bill.) Wine should be drunk by Bill. (Vinho deveria ser bebido por Bill.) Modal verbs

8 Bill drinks wine. (simple present) Wine is drunk by Bill. Bill drank wine. (simple past) Wine was drunk by Bill. Bill will drink wine. (simple future) Wine will be drunk by Bill. Bill would drink wine. (simple conditional) Wine would be drunk by Bill. Bill is drinking wine. (Present continuous) Wine is being drunk by Bill. Bill was drinking wine. (Past continuous) Wine was being drunk by Bill. Bill has drunk wine. (Present perfect) Wine has been drunk by Bill. Bill had drunk wine. (Past perfect) Wine had been drunk by Bill. Bill can drink wine. (Modal verb) Wine can be drunk by Bill Summary

9 Simple present John sells computers. (John vende computadores.) Computers are sold by John. (Computadores são vendidos por John.) Simple past John sold computers. (John vendeu computadores.) Computers were sold by John. (Computadores foram vendidos por John.) Plural forms

10 Simple future John will sell computers. (John venderá computadores.) Computers will be sold by John. (Computadores serão vendidos por John.) Simple conditional John would sell computers. (John venderia computadores.) Computers would be sold by John. (Computers seriam vendidos por John.)

11 Present continuous John is selling computers. (John está vendendo computadores.) Computers are being sold by John. (Computadores estão sendo vendidos por John.) Past continuous John was selling computers. (John estava vendendo computadores.) Computers were being sold by John.( Computadores estavam sendo vendidos por John)

12 Present perfect John has sold computers. (John tem vendido computadores.) Computers have been sold by John.( Computadores têm sido vendidos por John.) Past perfect John had sold computers. (John tinha vendido computadores.) Computers had been sold by John. (Computadores tinham sido vendidos por John)

13 John can sell computers. (capacidade) (John pode vender computadores.) John may sell computers. (possibilidade) (John pode vender computadores.) John must sell computers. (necessidade) (John deve vender computadores.) John should sell computers. (conselho) (John deveria vender computadores.) Computers can be sold by John. (Computadores podem ser vendidos por John.) Computers may be sold by John. (Computadores podem ser vendidos por John.) Computers must be sold by John. (Computadores devem ser vendidos por John.) Computers should be sold by John. (Computadores deveriam ser vendidos por John.) Modal verbs

14 John sells computers. (simple present) Computers are sold by John. John sold computers. (simple past) Computers were sold by John. John will sell computers. future) Computers will be sold by John. John would sell computers. (simple conditional) Computers would be sold by John. John is selling computers. (Present continuous) Computers are being sold by John. John was selling computers. (Past continuous) Computers were being sold by John. John has sold computers. (Present perfect) Computers have been sold by John. John had sold computers. (Past perfect) Computers had been sold by John. John can sell computers. (Modal verb) Computers can be sold by John Summary

15 Observação: Nos casos de frases, cujos verbos tenham dois objetos, um direto e um indireto, o objeto indireto normalmente torna-se sujeito na voz passiva. EXEMPLOS: They must send the packages to us. (Eles devem enviar os pacotes para nós.) We must be sent the packages. (À nós devem ser enviados os pacotes.) We had given them another book. (Nós tinhamos dado a eles um outro livro.) They had been given another book. (À eles tinha sido dado um outro livro.)

16 1.Write the following sentences in the Passive Voice. a) Richard wrote that book. ( write / wrote / written ) __________________________________________ b) Those kids are eating the cake. ( eat / ate / eaten ) __________________________________________ c) The manager will return the money tomorrow. ( return / returned / returned ) ________________________________________________ d) My brother has sold a lot of cars. ( sell / sold / sold ) __________________________________________ e) Sue can finish the job soon. ( finish / finished / finished ) __________________________________________ That bookwas writtenRichard. The cakeis being eatenthose kids. The moneywill be returned the manager A lot of carshave been sold my brother. The jobcan befinished Sue by soon. tomorrow.

17 f) They may bring the documents to me today. ( bring / brought / brought ) ____________________________________________________ g) Tom ordered the waiter a mixed salad. ( order / ordered / ordered ) ____________________________________________________ h) Paul had told her the truth. ( tell / told / told ) ____________________________________________________ i) The physician is giving the patient the new drugs. ( give / gave / given ) ____________________________________________________ j) Robert will send the packages to her. ( send / sent / sent ) ____________________________________________________ Imay bebroughttoday.the documents The waiterwasorderedbya mixed saladTom. Shehad beentoldbythe truthPaul. The patientis beinggivenbythe new drugsthe physician. Shewill besentbythe packagesRobert.

18 (PUC - SP) - Choose the correct passive voice form that completes the sentence… “Black Angels”, his first composition, _______in a) is composed b) was composed c) has composed d) had composed e) was composing Test 1 composed Compose – composed - composed

19 (MACKENZIE) - Change the following sentence to the Passive Voice: 'They feed the seals twice a week.‘ a) The seals are fed twice a week. b) The seals are feeded twice a week. c) The seals are found twice a week. d) Twice a week they are feeding the seals. e) The seals are being fed twice a week. Test 2 fed Feed – fed - fed

20 Test 3 Considered Consider – considered - Considered Indicate the alternative that best completes the following sentence. "Our plan______ by the members of the committee." a) will consider b) has being considered c) has considered d) have been considered e) is being considered

21 (CESCEM) - The correct passive voice that completes the sentence below. He is____________to the doctor’s. a) being taken b) being taking c) took d) taking e) been taken Test 4 taken Take– took - taken

22 (ÁLVARES PENTEADO) - The alternative that completes the sentence below is. Great discoveries______________ in this country. a) is b) was c) was been made d) were been made e) have been made Test 5 made Make – made - made

23 (Unitau) - Assinale a alternativa que corresponde à forma passiva da sentença a seguir: We encourage the kids to go swimming. a) The kids were encouraged to go swimming. b) The kids have been encouraged to go swimming. c) The kids will be encouraged to go swimming. d) The kids may be encouraged to go swimming. e) The kids are encouraged to go swimming. Test 6 encouraged Encourage – encouraged - encouraged

24 (Unesp) - Assinale a alternativa que preenche corretamente a lacuna da frase a seguir: Those people are happy because they......love in their childhood. a) was given b) has given c) were given d) have being given e) be given Test 7 given Give – gave - given

25 (Mackenzie) - Change the following sentence to the Passive Voice: " Somebody left the lights on all night." a) All night somebody left the lights. b) The lights are left on all night. c) The lights didn't leave on all night. d) The lights were left on all night. e) The lights was left on all night. Test 8 left Leave – left - left

26 (Mackenzie) - Change the following sentence to the Passive Voice: You don't need to wind this wonderful watch. a) This wonderful watch isn't needed to be wind. b) This wonderful watch doesn't need to winded. c) This wonderful watch doesn't need to be wound. d) This wonderful watch don't need to be wounded. e) You don't need to be wounded by this wonderful watch. Test 9 wound Wind – wound - wound

27 (Unesp) - Indique a alternativa que expressa o mesmo significado de: Japanese toymakers now see senior citizens as their most dynamic market. a) Senior citizens are now seen as their most dynamic market by Japanese toymakers. b) Senior citizens were seen as the Japanese toymakers' most dynamic market. c) Senior citizens' most dynamic market is seen as the Japanese toymakers. d) Senior citizens and Japanese toymakers are seen as the most dynamic market. e) Senior citizens are seen as Japanese toymakers by their most dynamic market. seen See – saw - seen Test 10


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