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Regions In Focus ? THE TERRITORIAL COHESION IN THE BORDER NUTS III OF PORTUGAL The Territorial Cohesion in the border NUTS III of Portugal Theme Eduardo.

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Apresentação em tema: "Regions In Focus ? THE TERRITORIAL COHESION IN THE BORDER NUTS III OF PORTUGAL The Territorial Cohesion in the border NUTS III of Portugal Theme Eduardo."— Transcrição da apresentação:

1 Regions In Focus ? THE TERRITORIAL COHESION IN THE BORDER NUTS III OF PORTUGAL The Territorial Cohesion in the border NUTS III of Portugal Theme Eduardo Medeiros

2 Regions In Focus ? THE TERRITORIAL COHESION IN THE BORDER NUTS III OF PORTUGAL Why the Territorial Cohesion ? In the three less prosperous member-states (Portugal, Greece and Spain), the average income per capita increased from 68% of the UE average, in 1988, till 79% in 1999. This economic cohesion wasnt reflected in all the regions of these countries. In fact there was an aggravation of the territory unbalances. Having realize that, the Territorial Cohesion was established in the Treaty of Amsterdam, so that it could complement the concepts of Social Cohesion and Economic Cohesion, and contribute to a more balanced and harmonious development across the European Territory.

3 Regions In Focus ? THE TERRITORIAL COHESION IN THE BORDER NUTS III OF PORTUGAL What we want to find out? To realize if, in the last decade (1991- 2001), the 10 border NUTS III of Portugal, have achieved the goal of the Territorial Cohesion, and to verify the contribution of the INTERREG-A (Cross-Border Co- operation) to reach that goal.

4 Regions In Focus ? THE TERRITORIAL COHESION IN THE BORDER NUTS III OF PORTUGAL What is Territorial Cohesion? Achieve a more balanced development by reducing existing disparities, avoiding territorial imbalances and by making both sectoral policies which have a spatial impact and regional policy more coherent. The concern is also to improve territorial integration and encourage cooperation between regions. Third Report on Economic and Social Cohesion Balanced distribution of human activities across the Union, which is complementary to economic and social cohesion, including fair access for citizens and economic operators to Services of General Economic Interest. ESPON – Interim Territorial Cohesion Report

5 Regions In Focus ? THE TERRITORIAL COHESION IN THE BORDER NUTS III OF PORTUGAL What is necessary for the Territorial Cohesion? Policy guidelines for the spatial development of the EU: European Spatial Development Perspective 1 - Development of a balanced and polycentric urban system and a new urban-rural relationship; 2 - Securing parity of access to infrastructure and knowledge; 3 - Sustainable development, prudent management and protection of nature and cultural heritage.

6 Regions In Focus ? THE TERRITORIAL COHESION IN THE BORDER NUTS III OF PORTUGAL European Spatial Development Perspective co-operation is the key to an integrated spatial development policy and represents added value over sectoral policies acting in isolation What is necessary for the Territorial Cohesion?

7 Regions In Focus ? THE TERRITORIAL COHESION IN THE BORDER NUTS III OF PORTUGAL THE TERRITORIAL COHESION CONCEPT Social and Economic Cohesion Environmental Sustainability Polycentric Urban System Co-operation Territorial Cohesion

8 Regions In Focus ? THE TERRITORIAL COHESION IN THE BORDER NUTS III OF PORTUGAL The analytic model Concepts Territorial Cohesion Regional Development Distribution Dimensions Knowledge Components Indicators Concepts Public Services Co-operation - Research Centers - University Students - GDP per capita - Employment rate - Physicians (per 1000) - Schools - Societies - Companies - Rural Tourism - International Trade Horizontal Vertical Morphology Hierarchy - City Rankings - Specialized Functions - Population Density - Roads (km) - Cable dwellings Density Connectivity Environment - % of renewable energy - % of environmental expenses Energy Waste Income

9 Regions In Focus ? THE TERRITORIAL COHESION IN THE BORDER NUTS III OF PORTUGAL Variation (1991 - 2001 ) NUTS IIIISE - 1991ISE - 2001(2001-1991) Portugal0.2690.4160.147 Minho-Lima0.2300.2390.009 Cávado0.3570.356-0.001 Douro0.3100.3260.016 Alto Trás-os-Montes0.3100.3170.007 Algarve0.2370.3110.074 Beira Interior Norte0.2650.3060.040 Beira Interior Sul0.2680.4110.143 Alto Alentejo0.1660.2600.094 Alentejo Central0.2290.3480.119 Baixo Alentejo0.1920.2670.075 1 - Knowledge: (Research Centres and University Students); 2 - Income: (GDP per capita, Employment Rate); 3 - Public Services: (Physicians and Schools). Social and Economic Index 0Km25Km50Km Scale < 0.050 0.050 : 0.100 0.100 : 0.150 > 0.150 MINHO-LIMA CÁVADO AVE GRANDE PORTO TÂMEGA ENTRE-DOURO E VOUGA DOURO TRÁS-OS-MONTES BAIXO VOUGA BAIXO MONDEGO PINHAL LITORAL PINHAL INTERIOR NORTE DÃO LAFÕES PINHAL INTERIOR SUL SERRA DA ESTRELA BEIRA INTERIOR NORTE BEIRA INTERIOR SUL COVA DA BEIRA OESTE GRANDE LISBOA PENÍNSULA DE SETÚBAL MÉDIO TEJO LEZÍRIA DO TEJO ALENTEJO LITORAL ALTO ALENTEJO ALENTEJO CENTRAL BAIXO ALENTEJO ALGARVE Legend

10 Regions In Focus ? THE TERRITORIAL COHESION IN THE BORDER NUTS III OF PORTUGAL Social and Economic Indicators GNP per capita (1000 ) in 2001 0Km25Km50Km Scale 6.1 : 7.9 7.9 : 9.7 9.7 : 11.2 11.2 : 21.2 MINHO-LIMA CÁVADO AVE GRANDE PORTO TÂMEGA ENTRE-DOURO E VOUGA DOURO TRÁS-OS-MONTES BAIXO VOUGA BAIXO MONDEGO PINHAL LITORAL PINHAL INTERIOR NORTE DÃO LAFÕES PINHAL INTERIOR SUL SERRA DA ESTRELA BEIRA INTERIOR NORTE BEIRA INTERIOR SUL COVA DA BEIRA OESTE GRANDE LISBOA PENÍNSULA DE SETÚBAL MÉDIO TEJO LEZÍRIA DO TEJO ALENTEJO LITORAL ALTO ALENTEJO ALENTEJO CENTRAL BAIXO ALENTEJO ALGARVE Legend Population Variation (1991-2001) 0Km25Km50Km Scale -11.8 : -3.6 -3.6 : 1.5 1.5 : 8.3 8.3 : 15.8 MINHO-LIMA CÁVADO AVE GRANDE PORTO TÂMEGA ENTRE-DOURO E VOUGA DOURO TRÁS-OS-MONTES BAIXO VOUGA BAIXO MONDEGO PINHAL LITORAL PINHAL INTERIOR NORTE DÃO LAFÕES PINHAL INTERIOR SUL SERRA DA ESTRELA BEIRA INTERIOR NORTE BEIRA INTERIOR SUL COVA DA BEIRA OESTE GRANDE LISBOA PENÍNSULA DE SETÚBAL MÉDIO TEJO LEZÍRIA DO TEJO ALENTEJO LITORAL ALTO ALENTEJO ALENTEJO CENTRAL BAIXO ALENTEJO ALGARVE Legend

11 Regions In Focus ? THE TERRITORIAL COHESION IN THE BORDER NUTS III OF PORTUGAL Variation (1991 - 2001 ) NUTS IIIIPO – 1991IPO - 20012001-1991 Portugal0.3540.4400.087 Minho-Lima0.3290.5000.171 Cávado0.3270.4680.140 Douro0.3400.3980.058 Alto Trás-os-Montes0.3100.3950.085 Algarve0.3300.4040.074 Beira Interior Norte0.3170.3800.062 Beira Interior Sul0.4350.5340.099 Alto Alentejo0.3670.4670.099 Alentejo Central0.3240.4070.083 Baixo Alentejo0.3740.4670.093 1 - Hierarchy: (City Rankings and Specialized functions); 2 - Density: (Population Density and Road Density); 3 - Connectivity: (Cable Dwellings). 0Km25Km50Km Scale < 0.050 0.050 : 0.100 0.100 : 0.150 > 0.150 MINHO-LIMA CÁVADO AVE GRANDE PORTO TÂMEGA ENTRE-DOURO E VOUGA DOURO TRÁS-OS-MONTES BAIXO VOUGA BAIXO MONDEGO PINHAL LITORAL PINHAL INTERIOR NORTE DÃO LAFÕES PINHAL INTERIOR SUL SERRA DA ESTRELA BEIRA INTERIOR NORTE BEIRA INTERIOR SUL COVA DA BEIRA OESTE GRANDE LISBOA PENÍNSULA DE SETÚBAL MÉDIO TEJO LEZÍRIA DO TEJO ALENTEJO LITORAL ALTO ALENTEJO ALENTEJO CENTRAL BAIXO ALENTEJO ALGARVE Legend The polycentric index

12 Regions In Focus ? THE TERRITORIAL COHESION IN THE BORDER NUTS III OF PORTUGAL URBAN SYSTEM – BORDER NUTS III Legend Centrality Index Medium Cities Areas with influence of very specialized functions Areas with influence of specialized functions Smaller agglomerations Very specialized functions Strong Interactions Very specialized or specialized functions 0Km 100Km Scale

13 Regions In Focus ? THE TERRITORIAL COHESION IN THE BORDER NUTS III OF PORTUGAL Variation (1991 - 2001 ) 1 - Horizontal: (Societies and Companies); 2 - Vertical: (Rural tourism and International Trade). NUTS IIIICO - 1991ICO - 20011991-2001 Portugal0.3150.4800.164 Minho-Lima0.3490.5860.237 Cávado0.3060.4580.153 Douro0.1790.3170.137 Alto Trás-os-Montes0.1890.2860.097 Algarve0.2440.4310.187 Beira Interior Norte0.2530.3870.134 Beira Interior Sul0.2560.2930.037 Alto Alentejo0.1770.4660.290 Alentejo Central0.2250.5080.283 Baixo Alentejo0.2030.3460.143 The co-operation index 0Km25Km50Km Scale < 0.100 0.100 : 0.200 0.200 : 0.300 > 0.300 MINHO-LIMA CÁVADO AVE GRANDE PORTO TÂMEGA ENTRE-DOURO E VOUGA DOURO TRÁS-OS-MONTES BAIXO VOUGA BAIXO MONDEGO PINHAL LITORAL PINHAL INTERIOR NORTE DÃO LAFÕES PINHAL INTERIOR SUL SERRA DA ESTRELA BEIRA INTERIOR NORTE BEIRA INTERIOR SUL COVA DA BEIRA OESTE GRANDE LISBOA PENÍNSULA DE SETÚBAL MÉDIO TEJO LEZÍRIA DO TEJO ALENTEJO LITORAL ALTO ALENTEJO ALENTEJO CENTRAL BAIXO ALENTEJO ALGARVE Legend

14 Regions In Focus ? THE TERRITORIAL COHESION IN THE BORDER NUTS III OF PORTUGAL Variation (1991 - 2001 ) 1 - Energy: (Renewable energy); 2 - Waste: (Environmental treatment expenses). NUTS IIIIAM - 1991IAM - 20012001-1991 Portugal0.1860.4040.218 Minho-Lima0.3350.3750.040 Cávado0.4430.386-0.056 Douro0.2890.3560.067 Alto Trás-os-Montes0.3460.5130.167 Algarve0.2290.5550.326 Beira Interior Norte0.2820.4310.149 Beira Interior Sul0.3750.3970.022 Alto Alentejo0.2160.3920.176 Alentejo Central0.0780.2110.134 Baixo Alentejo0.0730.2510.179 The environment index 0Km25Km50Km Scale < 0.100 0.100 : 0.200 0.200 : 0.300 > 0.300 MINHO-LIMA CÁVADO AVE GRANDE PORTO TÂMEGA ENTRE-DOURO E VOUGA DOURO TRÁS-OS-MONTES BAIXO VOUGA BAIXO MONDEGO PINHAL LITORAL PINHAL INTERIOR NORTE DÃO LAFÕES PINHAL INTERIOR SUL SERRA DA ESTRELA BEIRA INTERIOR NORTE BEIRA INTERIOR SUL COVA DA BEIRA OESTE GRANDE LISBOA PENÍNSULA DE SETÚBAL MÉDIO TEJO LEZÍRIA DO TEJO ALENTEJO LITORAL ALTO ALENTEJO ALENTEJO CENTRAL BAIXO ALENTEJO ALGARVE Legend

15 Regions In Focus ? THE TERRITORIAL COHESION IN THE BORDER NUTS III OF PORTUGAL Territorial Cohesion index Variation (1991 - 2001 ) NUTS IIIICT - 1991ICT - 20012001-1991 Portugal0.2950.4370.142 Minho-Lima0.2990.4130.114 Cávado0.3460.4160.070 Douro0.2860.3490.063 Alto Trás-os-Montes0.2860.3560.070 Algarve0.2650.3950.131 Beira Interior Norte0.2800.3610.082 Beira Interior Sul0.3270.4180.091 Alto Alentejo0.2340.3850.151 Alentejo Central0.2380.3870.149 Baixo Alentejo0.2340.3430.109 1 - Social Economic Index; 2 - Polycentric Index; 3 - Co-operation Index; 4 - Environment Index. 0Km25Km50Km Scale < 0.082 0.082 : 0.112 0.112 : 0.142 > 0.142 MINHO-LIMA CÁVADO AVE GRANDE PORTO TÂMEGA ENTRE-DOURO E VOUGA DOURO TRÁS-OS-MONTES BAIXO VOUGA BAIXO MONDEGO PINHAL LITORAL PINHAL INTERIOR NORTE DÃO LAFÕES PINHAL INTERIOR SUL SERRA DA ESTRELA BEIRA INTERIOR NORTE BEIRA INTERIOR SUL COVA DA BEIRA OESTE GRANDE LISBOA PENÍNSULA DE SETÚBAL MÉDIO TEJO LEZÍRIA DO TEJO ALENTEJO LITORAL ALTO ALENTEJO ALENTEJO CENTRAL BAIXO ALENTEJO ALGARVE Legend

16 Regions In Focus ? THE TERRITORIAL COHESION IN THE BORDER NUTS III OF PORTUGAL MAIN CONCLUSIONS With the exception of the NUTS III of Alentejo Central and Alto Alentejo, in the Portuguese border area, the Territorial Cohesion Index has grown less than the national average. The positive contribution of INTERREG initiative to this area has not been enough to obtain the aim of the Territorial Cohesion. We continue to verify an increasing territorial exclusion in this area that occupies more that half of the Portuguese territory.

17 Regions In Focus ? THE TERRITORIAL COHESION IN THE BORDER NUTS III OF PORTUGAL WHAT CAN WE DO TO INVERT THIS SITUATION? Reinforce the distribution of the essential goods and services to the population, as well as the knowledge (distributive dimension). Promote a polycentric urban structure, rather than a highly polarized one. This requires new functional entities (medium cities), created through increased integration and co- operation (morphologic dimension). Promote the entrepreneurship, capable of mobilizing effectively the local resources (co-operation dimension). Promote the use of the natural recourses in a sustainable way to preserve the environment (environment dimension).

18 Regions In Focus ? THE TERRITORIAL COHESION IN THE BORDER NUTS III OF PORTUGAL THE END


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