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 O Present Perfect é usado para expressar ações que tiveram seu início no passado, mas que ainda não se encerraram; ou quando não há necessidade de especificar.

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Apresentação em tema: " O Present Perfect é usado para expressar ações que tiveram seu início no passado, mas que ainda não se encerraram; ou quando não há necessidade de especificar."— Transcrição da apresentação:

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2  O Present Perfect é usado para expressar ações que tiveram seu início no passado, mas que ainda não se encerraram; ou quando não há necessidade de especificar o tempo, focando unicamente na ação. Por exemplo:

3  1) Quando falamos sobre experiências de vida:  a) I HAVE TRAVELED to many different places in Brazil..  b) They HAVE NOT VISITED their grandparents in France.  c) Mary HAS BEEN to Europe twice this year.  d) David HAS never RIDDEN a horse.  e) We HAVE already EATEN Japanese and Chinese food.

4  2) Quando falamos sobre mudanças que acontecem num período indeterminado de tempo:  a) They HAVE MADE the tests more difficult.  b) HAS it CHANGED a lot?  c) HAVE you SEEN “American Sniper”?

5  3) Quando falamos sobre conquistas:  a) Men HAS WALKED on the Moon.  b) She HASN’T RECEIVED any awards.  c) Michael and David HAVE WON two many congratulations.

6  4) Quando falamos sobre ações que perduram:  a) We HAVE WON six of the seven matches.  b) Where HAVE you WORKED for the last few years?  c) HAS Karen still WRITTEN for that famous American Newspaper?

7  Estrutura AUXILIAR HAVE ou HAS + PAST PARTICIPLE DO VERBO PRINCIPAL Exemplos: 1) I have worked hard. 2) Godofredo has been to Paraguay many times. 3) They have not studied hard for the tests.

8  Exemplos: 1) Have you seen “50 Shades of Grey”? Yes, I have. / No, I haven’t. / No, not yet. 2) Has Godofredo finished his homework? Yes, he has. / No, he hasn’t. / No, not yet.

9  EVER  YET  ALREADY  NEVER  ALWAYS  RECENTLY  LATELY  FOR  SINCE

10  Have you EVER seen the rain?  Has Susan EVER ridden a horse?  They haven’t gotten home YET.  Lupita has ALREADY bought her dress for the prom in the end of the semester.  My parents have worked hard LATELY.  Cornelius has read many books RECENTLY.  I’ve ALWAYS enjoyed wearing fine new clothes.  My cousin Cleo has NEVER been abroad.

11  We have JUST met the principal.  We’ve been to the zoo MANY TIMES.  Sylvette has studied at that school SINCE 1st grade.  Corine has painted her house SINCE last week.  Michael and his friends have lived here FOR six years.  FOR = quantidade de tempo  SINCE = período de tempo

12  Os advérbios associados ao PRESENT PERFECT não definem um período de tempo. Como o SIMPLE PAST é usado para expressar uma ação passada finalizada e ocorrida num momento específico, usamos outros tipos de advérbio ou de expressão temporal:  I graduated in 2012;  We had some ice cream yesterday.

13  Have you ALREADY done your homework?  Yes, I have ALREADY done it.  Yes, I’ve JUST finished it.  No, I haven’t done it YET.  Have they washed their car YET?  Yes, they’ve JUST washed it.  Yes, they have ALREADY washed it.  No, not YET.

14  Os verbos HAVE, KNOW e BE, no sentido de tempo ou período de tempo, são sempre usados com o PRESENT PERFECT. Veja:  1) My parents HAVE BEEN married for 40 years.  2) Kelly HAS BEEN here since 7 o’clock.  3) We HAVE KNOWN each other for more than six years.  4) Mary HAS KNOWN her boyfriend for a couple of months.  5) I HAVE HAD my car for three years.  6) Daniel HAS HAD his new laptop since last year.

15  Estrutura:  Auxiliar HAVE ou HAS + BEEN + gerúndio do verbo principal  Exemplos:  They’ve been learning English for 15 years.  Godofredo has been cleaning his room since 10 a.m.  I have been reading the book “50 Shades of Grey” since last weekend.

16  HOW LONG have you been living in your present house, Shaniqua?  Well, I’ve been living there for many years.  HOW LONG has Brian been painting his house?  He has been painting it since yesterday.  What have you been doing since you moved?


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