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Conjunções são palavras usadas para ligar frases, cláusulas ou sentenças.

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Apresentação em tema: "Conjunções são palavras usadas para ligar frases, cláusulas ou sentenças."— Transcrição da apresentação:

1

2 Conjunções são palavras usadas para ligar frases, cláusulas ou sentenças.
As mais usadas estão nos slides a seguir…

3 As conjunções a seguir expressam concessão .

4 Although Though Even though Albeit
Although we were tired, we went to the party. Embora estivéssemos cansados fomos à festa.  Though I like you, though you’re a pain in the ass. Gosto de você, embora você seja um chato. Even though Even though it was cold, we went to school. Embora estivesse frio, fomos à escola  Albeit The show was awesome albeit, some people didn’t like it. O show estáva ótimo, embora algumas pessoas não gostaram.

5 As conjunções a seguir mostram duas
idéias contrárias, isto é, ligam duas frases que se opõem.

6 In spite of Despite In spite of the danger, he was calm.
Apesar do perigo, ele estava calmo Despite Despite the money, he didn't change his mind. Apesar do dinheiro, ele não mudou de idéia.

7 But Jeff was a homeless alcoholic but he got a second change at life. Jeff era um alcoólatra sem teto, mas conseguiu uma segunda chance na vida. Except That museum is open daily except Monday(s). Aquele museu fica aberto diariamente exceto segundas feiras.

8 Nevertheless/Nonetheless
However John studied a lot, however he didn’t pass the exam. John estudou muito, entretanto não passou no exame. Yet He said he’d help, yet nobody saw him there! Ele disse que ajudaria, entretanto ninguém o viu lá! Nevertheless/Nonetheless She promised to give the money, nevertheless she didn’t give a dime. Ela prometeu dar o dinheiro, entretanto não deu.

9 As conjunções citadas a seguir expressam conseqüência ou conclusão.

10 So Therefore Thus Hence I was getting tired so I came home.
Eu estava ficando cansado, então/portanto vim para casa. Therefore The workers were tired, therefore they went home . Os trabalhadores estavam cansados portanto foram para casa. Thus He studied a lot, thus he passed. Ele estudou bastante, desta forma ele passou. Hence It was raining, hence I wore my raincoat. Estava chovendo, daí /por isso eu vesti a minha capa.

11 As conjunções citadas a seguir expressam adição.

12 Besides Moreover In addition (to) Furthermore
I'm too busy. Besides, I lost my passport. Estou muito ocupado. Além disso , perdi meu passaporte. Moreover She is rich; moreover, she is young and beautiful. Ela é rica; além do mais , ela é jovem e bonita.  In addition (to) It’s too late in addition, it’s dangerous. É muito tarde além disso, é perigoso. Furthermore She is poor; furthermore she is old and ugly. Ela é pobre; além disso, ela é velha e feia.

13 As conjunções citadas a seguir expressam comparação e esclarecimento.

14 Like As He works like a horse. Ele trabalha como um cavalo.
My uncle works as a manager. Meu tio trabalha como gerente.

15 As conjunções citadas a seguir expressam condição ou opção.

16 If Whether As if /As though If you study, you will pass.
Se você estudar, você passará. Whether I don’t know whether he will be here or not. Eu não sei se ele estará aqui ou não. As if /As though He acted as though/as if he were the boss. Ele agia como se fosse o chefe .

17 As conjunções citadas a seguir expressam simultaneidade.

18 While Whereas I read the article while you were drying your hair.
Eu li o artigo enquanto você estava secando o teu cabelo. Whereas Humans are capable of error whereas the computer is not. Humanos são capazes de erros ao passo que / enquanto o computador não.

19 As conjunções citadas a seguir expressam razões ou justificativas.

20 Since Since we've got some minutes to wait for the train, let's have some fun. Já que / porque temos alguns minutos para esperar pelo trem, vamos nos divertir. Because We can't go to Dallas because we’re too busy. Não podemos à Dallas porque estamos ocupados demais. Due to The number of orphans due to HIV is increasing. O número de orfãos devido ao HIV está aumentando.

21 As conjunções citadas a seguir são de aplicações gerais.

22 Unless Otherwise Even And Unless he agrees, we have no contract.
A menos que ele concorde, nós não teremos contrato. Otherwise You must do your job; otherwise, you’ll be replaced. Você deve fazer o seu trabalho; de outra forma, você será substituído. Even There was even a swimming pool. Havia até mesmo uma piscina. And It was lovely and warm outside. Estava agradável e quente lá fora.

23 Likewise She had learned English in England and told me to do likewise . Ela tinha aprendido inglês na Inglaterra e me disse para fazer do mesmo modo. Till, Until Wait till/until I come back. Espere até eu voltar.

24 Tests

25 Test 1 (UEL-PR) - Assinale a letra correspondente a alternativa
que preenche corretamente a lacuna da frase apresentada: ________he is crazy, he makes a lot of money. a) But b) Thus c) Because d) Unless e) Although Test 1

26 Test 2 (UFPR) - Mark the alternative(s) containing a word
that can substitute "besides" in: " Besides its importance as a drink, the oil from the coffee fruit is used to make soap, paint and shoe polish." 01) In addition to 02) And 04) Nevertheless 08) Moreover 16) But 32) Also Test 2

27 Test 3 (CESGRANRIO-RJ) - When the writer says "...the water is
polluted and therefore not usable for human needs..." he is: a) Expressing a condition. b) Expressing a conclusion. c) Giving advice. d) Suggesting a contrast. e) Expressing a doubt. Test 3

28 Test 4 (UEL-PR) - Choose the right alternative:
The President is very busy ________he'll see you. a) moreover; b) not; c) but; d) because; e) while Test 4

29 (VUNESP) - Assinale a alternativa que preenche corretamente a lacuna da frase apresentada.
_______________ Mr. Foley was reading the newspaper, Mrs. Foley was watching television. a) While b) As long c) Why d) Because of e) How Test 5

30 Test 6 (CARLOS CHAGAS) - Choose the correct alternative:
I think we shall succeed __________there are still some problems to be overcome. a) moreover b) in spite c) according d) although e) providing Test 6

31 Test 7 (UFPR) - "In addition, much of the water is polluted
and salty.“ In the sentence above, the underlined expression can be replaced by: 01) Consequently 02) Besides 04) Also 08) In contrast 16) As soon as. 32) However 64) Moreover Test 7

32 Test 8 (PUC CAMPINAS) - My brother smokes ________ a chimney. a) as
a) as b) likes c) alike d) like e) dislike Test 8

33 Test 9 (FUVEST) - Choose the right alternative:
They ate ______pigs________being well-educated people. a) as – however b) though – nevertheless c) like – in spite of d) though – however e) as – but Test 9

34 (UNITAU) - Assinale a alternativa que corresponde a um sinônimo para a palavra, em destaque, a seguir: Despite the growing use of computers in classrooms… a) spite b) spite the c) in spite of d) spite of e) spite of the Test 10

35 (UFPA) - Young drivers usually drive fast, _______when the roads are slippery.
a) although b) consequently c) therefore d) so e) even Test 11

36 (MACKENZIE) - Na frase " Moreover, PCs and telecommunications technologies have enabled more women and men to work at home,….” a palavra MOREOVER pode ser substituída por a) however. b) such as. c) in addition to. d) provided that. e) notwithstanding. Test 12

37 (UFRS) - Complete a frase a seguir com a palavra ou expressão mais adequada:
all the conquests already achieved by women, a lot still remains to be done. a) In spite of b) Because of c) Although d) In order to e) Supposing Test 13

38 (CESGRANRIO) - The item that presents, respectively, a synonym for BUT and the opposite of MUCH in "but there is much to be gained" is: a) nevertheless - anything. b) even though - a few. c) besides - a little. d) however - few. e) yet - little. Test 14

39 (MACKENZIE) - Indicate the alternative that best completes the following sentence.
"He is very mature _________" a) spite of his age. b) despite his age. c) instead of his age. d) despite of his aging. e) in spite his age. Test 15

40 (CESGRANRIO) - Mark the word that can appropriately be used to fill the blank and expand the sentence "Men not only cry less frequently, ___they also do it differently." a) yet b) but c) and d) although e) however Test 16

41 (UNIRIO) – “The teenager believes that _______ the city has a bad reputation, it can change for the better.” According to the text, the option which completes correctly and meaningfully the sentence above is: a) in spite. b) even though. c) because. d) unless. e) however. Test 17

42 Test 18 (UERJ) - The word BUT in "But she's the only one" indicates:
a) cause b) contrast c) addition d) conclusion e) fear Test 18

43 (FMU-SP) - Choose the alternative that completes the sentence below .
_____________ all his mother's efforts Otávio is still ill-mannered. a) Though b) in spite of c) until d) therefore e) as soon as Test 19

44 Test 20 (FAAP) - Complete com a alternativa correta:
I don't know she is as optimist or a pessimist a) each b) how many c) weather d) like that e) whether Test 20


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