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Simple PastPresent Perfect It rained. They swam. It has rained. They have swum. It didn´t rain. They didn´t swim. It hasn´t rained. They haven´t swum.

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Apresentação em tema: "Simple PastPresent Perfect It rained. They swam. It has rained. They have swum. It didn´t rain. They didn´t swim. It hasn´t rained. They haven´t swum."— Transcrição da apresentação:

1 Simple PastPresent Perfect It rained. They swam. It has rained. They have swum. It didn´t rain. They didn´t swim. It hasn´t rained. They haven´t swum. Did it rain? Did they swim? Has it rained? Have they swum?

2 Simple PastPresent Perfect Princess Diana died in 1997.Princess Diana has died. He lost his watch yesterday.He has lost his watch. He wrote two novels last year.He has written two novels. Attention Observe que no Presente Perfect o tempo da ação não é citado, enquanto no Simple Past o tempo da ação sempre está definido com palavras, como YESTERDAY, LAST, AGO, etc. Não se usa o Present Perfect com tais palavras. Nunca diga, por exemplo, I have seen Paul yesterday, mas I saw paul yesterday.

3

4 -lately -recently -these days -several times -in the last few days -many times -twice

5 Atenção: 1. Frank has worked here for five years. 2. Frank worked here for five years. No primeiro exemplo Frank ainda trabalha lá, já no segundo ele trabalhou no local por cinco anos.

6 Dont forget: O Presente Perfeito é usado para indicar: 1. Uma ação que aconteceu em um passado recente, sem tempo determinado Ex: He has gone to China 2. Uma ação que aconteceu repetidas X. Ex: Ann has seen that film several times.

7 3. Uma ação iniciada num certo ponto do passado e em desenvolvimento até o presente. Ex: He has lived here for 10 years.

8 Yet: Usado em frases Negativas e Interrogativas. YET é usado no final de frases. Em Português é traduzido como: 1. JÁ em frases interrogativas e 2. AINDA em frases negativas Ex: Have you cleaned your room yet? I havent cleaned my room yet.

9 ALREADY: JÁ Usado em frases afirmativas É posicionado entre o auxiliar HAVE ou HAS e o verbo principal. Ex: I have already cleaned my room. EVER: JÁ: Alguma vez na vida Ex: Have you ever eaten frog?

10 JUST: Acabou de, há pouco; Usado para uma ação recente, que acabou de acontecer. Ex: He has just arrived for the meeting.

11 Since DesdeI have worked here since For PorThey have lived here for 5 years. Just Ação recenteShe has just arrived. Ever JáHave you ever driven a truck? Never NuncaI have never seen this movie. Already JáThey have already arrived. Yet Já Ainda Has he arrived yet? He hasnt arrived yet. Lately UltimamenteWe havent seen them lately. Many times Muitas vezesI have talked to her many times.


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