Apresentação em tema: "By Laecio Miranda. Há duas formas de relatar o que alguem disse: pelo discurso direto (direct speech), quando repetimos o que foi dito usando as mesmas."— Transcrição da apresentação:
By Laecio Miranda
Há duas formas de relatar o que alguem disse: pelo discurso direto (direct speech), quando repetimos o que foi dito usando as mesmas palavras da pessoa, e pelo discurso indireto (indirect speech), quando contamos com nossas próprias palavras o que foi dito.
Mudança nos tempos verbais DISCURSO DIRETODISCURSO INDIRETO Simple PresentSimple Past Present ContinuousPast Continuous Simple PastPast Perfect Present PerfectPast Perfect Simple FutureSimple Conditional Conditional Perfect MayMight CanCould Past Continuous Past Perfect Could Might Should Ought
DISCURSO DIRETODISCURSO INDIRETO Andrea said, I have a test today.She said (that) she had a test that day. Renato said, I worked yesterday.He said (that) he had a test the day before Léo said, I´ll work on my car tomorrow. He said (that) he would work on his car the next day. Léa and Léo said, We´re working now. They said (that) they were working then. Léo said, I was working an hour ago. He said (that) he had been working an hour before. Cindy said, I´ve been here before. She said (that) she had been there before. Lisa said, I can work with you.She said (that) she could work with me.
Outros exemplos: (Direct) Ringo said, I study hard to pass my exams. (Indirect) Ringo said he studied hard to pass his exams. (Direct) Anthony said I am going downtown now. (Indirect) Anthony said he was going downtown then. (Direct) Emilia said I didnt buy that dog! (Indirect) Emilia said she hadnt bought that dog. (Direct) I said I have lived here for ages. (Indirect) I said I had lived there for ages. (Direct) The boys said to his friends well win the match! (Indirect) The boys told his friends that they would win the match. (Direct) I said to my girlfriend love can tear us apart. (Indirect) I told my girlfriend that love could tear us apart.
Podemos mantr no discurso indireto o mesmo tempo verbal usado no discurso direto quando o verbo utilizado para relatar (reporting verbs) estiver: - no passado mas a situação ainda existe no prsente. - no presente, futuro ou no presente perfeito. My parents don´t write to me She said her parents don´t write to her I come from Paraguay. He says he comes from Paraguay.
Quando relatamos uma pergunta, colocamos a frase na forma afirmativa. Discurso DiretoDiscurso Indireto What time is the meeting?He asked what time the meeting was. Does Carla play the piano?He asked if Carla played the piano.
Quando relatamos uma ordem ou um pedido, os verbos mais comuns são tell e order. Discurso DiretoDiscurso Indireto Open the door.He told me to open the door. Don´t call later.She ordered me not to call later.
Say e tell tem regras diferentes quanto ao uso do objeto indireto. Luis told me (that) he was tired. (O objeto indireto é obrigatório) Luis said (that) he was tired. (O objeto indireto é facultativo) Must, could, should, ought to, might e would não mudam de forma. He said, I could go. He said that he could go.