2Indirect SpeechHá duas formas de relatar o que alguem disse: pelo discurso direto (direct speech), quando repetimos o que foi dito usando as mesmas palavras da pessoa, e pelo discurso indireto (indirect speech), quando contamos com nossas próprias palavras o que foi dito.
4Indirect Speech DISCURSO DIRETO DISCURSO INDIRETO Andrea said, “I have a test today.”She said (that) she had a test that day.Renato said, “I worked yesterday.”He said (that) he had a test the day beforeLéo said, “I´ll work on my car tomorrow.”He said (that) he would work on his car the next day.Léa and Léo said, “We´re working now.”They said (that) they were working then.Léo said, “I was working an hour ago.”He said (that) he had been working an hour before.Cindy said, “I´ve been here before.”She said (that) she had been there before.Lisa said, “I can work with you.”She said (that) she could work with me.
5Indirect Speech Outros exemplos: (Direct) Ringo said, “I study hard to pass my exams”.(Indirect) Ringo said he studied hard to pass his exams.(Direct) Anthony said “I am going downtown now”.(Indirect) Anthony said he was going downtown then.(Direct) Emilia said “I didn’t buy that dog!”(Indirect) Emilia said she hadn’t bought that dog.(Direct) I said “I have lived here for ages”.(Indirect) I said I had lived there for ages.(Direct) The boys said to his friends “we’ll win the match!”(Indirect) The boys told his friends that they would win the match.(Direct) I said to my girlfriend “love can tear us apart”.(Indirect) I told my girlfriend that love could tear us apart.
6Indirect SpeechPodemos mantr no discurso indireto o mesmo tempo verbal usado no discurso direto quando o verbo utilizado para relatar (reporting verbs) estiver:- no passado mas a situação ainda existe no prsente.- no presente, futuro ou no presente perfeito.My parents don´t write to meShe said her parents don´t write to herI come from Paraguay.He says he comes from Paraguay.
7Indirect SpeechQuando relatamos uma pergunta, colocamos a frase na forma afirmativa.Discurso DiretoDiscurso IndiretoWhat time is the meeting?He asked what time the meeting was.Does Carla play the piano?He asked if Carla played the piano.
8Indirect SpeechQuando relatamos uma ordem ou um pedido, os verbos mais comuns são tell e order.Discurso DiretoDiscurso Indireto“Open the door.”He told me to open the door.Don´t call later.”She ordered me not to call later.
9Indirect SpeechSay e tell tem regras diferentes quanto ao uso do objeto indireto.Luis told me (that) he was tired. (O objeto indireto é obrigatório)Luis said (that) he was tired. (O objeto indireto é facultativo)Must, could, should, ought to, might e would não mudam de forma.He said, “I could go.”He said that he could go.