2What is it?The indirect object is a noun, a nominal group, or pronoun that indicates to whom or for whom the action of the verb is done.
3How to identify and use indirect objects pronouns in English They write Diana a letter.What is the subject of the sentence?What is the verb of the sentence?Who is receiving the action of the verb?To/For whom is that object being done?
4They write Diana a letter. Writing is the action. Who writes - (They) is the subject. What do they write - a letter. Who do they write it to/for - Diana.Diana is the indirect object pronoun.
5Here is another example. Can you classify each of the words? She gives the students the book.subjectverbdirect objectindirect object
7In Portuguese the indirect object pronouns are as follows: Me = to meTe = to you (familiar)Lhe = to you (formal)to him to herNos = to usVos = to you (familiar plural)Lhes = to you (formal plural)to them
9Eles escrevem uma carta à Diana. What is the subject of the sentence?What is the verb of the sentence?Who is receiving the action of the verb?To/For whom is that object being done?
10Eles escrevem uma carta à Diana. Escrevem is the action. Who writes - (Eles) is the subject. What do they write - a letter. Who do they write it to/for - Diana.Diana is the indirect object pronoun.subjectverbdirect objectindirect object
11Now we must substitute the direct object pronoun for the noun Diana. Diana is 3rd person singular (to her) = lheEles escrevem-lhe uma carta.
12Ela dá o livro aos estudantes. Now you try…Ela dá o livro aos estudantes.subjectverbdirect objectindirect object
13Ela dá o livro aos estudantes. Dá is the action. Who gives - (Ela) is the subject. What do they give - o livro. Who do they give it to/for - estudantes.Estudantes is the indirect object pronoun.
14Now replace estudantes with the correct object pronoun.
16Here are in the indirect object Rules that must be followed.
17Exemplo: Eu dou-te o meu lápis. Regra #1In an affirmative sentence, the direct object pronoun follows the verb separated by a hypen.Exemplo: Eu dou-te o meu lápis.
18Ela diz que me dá um lápis. Regra #2The indirect object pronoun precedes the verb without a hypen when the verb is preceded by a negative word, a question word, an adverb, and the conjuntions que and como.Exemplos:Ela não me dá um lápis.Quem me dá um lápis.Ela diz que me dá um lápis.
19***Grammatical Note *** In Portuguese, the indirect object pronoun is usually introduced by the preposition a, often in contraction with the definite articles to form ao, à, aos, às. The indirect object generally comes after the direct object, whereas in English it precedes the direct object.
20In Brazil object pronouns more often precede the verb. *** Cultural Note ***In Brazil object pronouns more often precede the verb.