VERBOS REGULARES (ED) SEGUNDO E TERCEIRA COLUNA SÃO IGUAIS WORK - WORKED - WORKED STUDY - STUDIED - STUDIED PLAY - PLAYED - PLAYED
NÃO CONFUNDA Present Perfect x Simple Past O Simple Past refere-se apenas a ações passadas que acabaram em um tempo definido no passado: I worked yesterday. (Simple Past) (EU TRABALHEI ONTEM) O Present Perfect pode expressar ações passadas que acabaram em um tempo não definido no passado ou ações que ainda não terminaram: I have worked hard. (Present Perfect) (EU TRABALHEI BASTANTE) (EU TENHO TRABALHADO BASTANTE)
Não use com datas dizendo quando aconteceu. Veja a diferença: Present Perfect: My family has traveled to London. Simple Past: My family traveled to London in 2005. Quando usar o Present Simple:
1- Ações que acabaram de acontecer. (JUST = RECÉM, HÁ POUCO, ACABOU DE...) They have just left. (Eles acabaram de sair). Jane has just made the lunch. (Jane acabou de preparar o almoço).
2 – EXPERIÊNCIAS E REALIZAÇÕES SEM DATA FINAL (APENAS INICIAL). SINCE (DESDE DE), FOR (HÁ, FAZ) - I have worked at La Salle for 1 year. (Eu trabalho no La Salle faz 1 ano). - I have worked at La Salle since 2013. (Eu trabalho no La Salle desde 2013). -She has travelled to London twice. -(ela viajou para Londres duas vezes)
3- Ações que começaram no passado e e têm resultado no presente. - I have exercised, so I am stronger now. (Eu tenho me exercitado, então eu estou mais forte agora). - I know how to use a camera because I have done a course (eu sei usar uma câmera pois eu fiz um curso)
4- Ações que ocorreram em um tempo não determinado (indefinido) no passado. I have been to the U.S.A. (Eu estive nos E.U.A.) She has traveled to England. (Ela viajou para a Inglaterra). You have made a delicious apple pie. (Você fez uma torta de maçã deliciosa). OBS: SE HOUVER DATA USAMOS O SIMPLE PAST (SHE TRAVELD TO ENGLAND IN 2001)
FORMA POSITIVA Sujeito + have/has + III + complemento Susan has been to England. (Susan esteve na Inglaterra). We have studied a lot for the test. (Nós temos estudado bastante para a prova)
III He has broken his leg. (Ele quebrou a perna.) We have bought new clothes. (Nós compramos roupas novas.)
HAVE/HAS + III 1. Peter _________(steal) my trainers! 2. I _________(buy) this magazine. 3. We ______ (write) three pages this afternoon.
ANSWERS 1. Peter has stolen (steal) my trainers! 2. I have bought (buy) this magazine. 3. We have written (write) three pages this afternoon.
HAVE/HAS + III 1. You _________(ask) that question three times so far. 2. My daughter _________(have) a boyfriend for 2 months. 3. I _________(be) interested in technology since last year.
ANSWERS 1. You have asked (ask) that question three times so far. 2. My daughter has had (have) a boyfriend for several months. 3. I have been (be) interested in technology since last year.
1. I ___________(drink) some tea. 2. She _________(live) in Warsaw for two years. 3. I ____________ (see) this film before.
FORMA INTERROGATIVA: HAVE/HAS + SUJ + III Have you already talked to your boss? (Você já falou com o seu chefe?) Have they lived in Amsterdam? (Eles moraram em Amsterdã?) Has he found his wallet? (Ele encontrou a carteira dele?) Have you ever been in the United States? (Você ja esteve nos Estados Unidos?)
MUDE A AFIRMATIVA PARA A INTERROGATIVA (HAVE/HAS + SUJ + III) 1. I have eaten an apple 2. You have bought some bread. 3. He has travelled a lot. 4. We have been to London. 5. They have lost their dog
ANSWERS 1. Have I eaten an apple? 2. Have you bought some bread? 3. Has he travelled a lot? 4. Have we been to London? 5. Have they lost their dog?
- FORMA NEGATIVA: SUJ + HAVE/HAS NOT + III HAVEN´T / HASN´T They have not heard what I've told. (Eles não escutaram o que eu falei.) You have not eaten anything so far. (Você não comeu nada até agora.) We have not done our homework. (Não fizemos nossa lição de casa.)
COMPLETAR AS FRASES HAVE/HAS+ not + III 1. She _____ (not/see) her son for a long time. 2. I _________ (not/revise) my lessons. 3. The children ______ (not/eat) anything. 4. Emilio ______ (not/speak) to the boss.
HAS NOT = HASN’T HAVE NOT = HAVEN´T 1. She has not seen her son for a long time. 2. I have not revised my lessons. 3. The children have not eaten anything. 4. Emilio has not spoken to the boss.
MUDE A AFIRMATIVA PARA A NEGATIVA (SUJ + HAVEN´T – HASN´T + III) 1. I have eaten an apple 2. You have bought some bread. 3. He has travelled a lot. 4. We have been to London. 5. They have lost their dog
ADVÉRBIOS DE TEMPO ALREADY = JÁ (+) JUST = RECÉM YET = AINDA (-), JÁ (?) NEVER = NUNCA (+) EVER = JÁ (?) SINCE (DESDE) SEGUIDO POR UMA DATA FOR (HÁ, POR, FAZ) SEGUIDO POR UM PERÍODO DE TEMPO
EXAMPLES Since 1960, Since yesterday. For six days, For a long time. I have just gone out. I haven't finished yet. I have already finished. He has never seen a snake. I have always written with my right hand.
HAVE/ HAS + III 1. She ________ (to stop) smoking since the birth of her baby. 2. He ______ (to be) in the Navy for two years. 3. She ________ (to become) jealous since the birth of her brother. 4. They _______ (never / tell) the truth. 5. My teacher _______ (always / help) me to improve my level.
ANSWERS 1. She has stopped (to stop) smoking since the birth of her baby. 2. He has been (to be) in the Navy for two years. 3. She has become (to become) jealous since the birth of her brother. 4. They have never told (never / tell) the truth. 5. My teacher has always helped(always / help) me to improve my level.
Exam pre answers 1. You [No answer] have asked (ask) that question three times so far. 2. My daughter [No answer] has had (have) a boyfriend for several months. 3. I [No answer] have been (be) interested in computer technology since last year. 4. My parents [No answer] have been (be) married for 25 years. 5. I [No answer] have read (read) it but I don't understand it. 6. He [No answer] has been (be) in the army for two years. 7. I [No answer] have already drunk (already / drink) some tea. 8. She [No answer] has lived (live) in Warsaw for two years. 9. I [No answer] have never seen (never / see) this film before. 10. The police [No answer] have arrested (arrest) two dangerous criminals.
1. My neighbour [No answer] has just bought a new car. (to buy / just) 2. My cousins [No answer] haven't decided where to go on holiday, perhaps in England. (not to decide) 3. Alex [No answer] has gone to the cinema with his girlfriend. (to go) 4. I [No answer] have seen 'the good, the bad and the ugly ' : I like it (to see) 5. [No answer] have you ever been to France ? (to be / you / ever) 6. Julien [No answer] has just met his friend. (to meet / just) 7. Recently, we [No answer] have had many parties with our friends. (to have) 8. What [No answer] have you done during the holidays? (to do / you) 9. He [No answer] has never worked (never/ to work) 10. [No answer] Have you already finished (finish / already / you) ?
2. Roy [No answer] has just finished (finish-just) repairing the washing-machine,you can use it now. 3. His worst memory: when he [No answer] had (have) to swim in the North Seas. 6. What is the most frightening experience [No answer] you have ever had (you-have-ever) ? 7. Many students in my class [No answer] have already travelled (travel-already) abroad. 8. I [No answer] have never stolen (steal-never) anything in my life.