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Seminários sobre Inovação e Desenvolvimento Sustentável Oct 2009Alberto R. Cunha1 Mobility Mobility Intelligent Mobility Systems or Intelligent Transport.

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Apresentação em tema: "Seminários sobre Inovação e Desenvolvimento Sustentável Oct 2009Alberto R. Cunha1 Mobility Mobility Intelligent Mobility Systems or Intelligent Transport."— Transcrição da apresentação:

1 Seminários sobre Inovação e Desenvolvimento Sustentável Oct 2009Alberto R. Cunha1 Mobility Mobility Intelligent Mobility Systems or Intelligent Transport Systems Electronics and Information Technologies for Mobility Systems Alberto Ramos da Cunha

2 Seminários sobre Inovação e Desenvolvimento Sustentável Oct 2009Alberto R. Cunha2 Plan IT devices in mobility environments IT trends Primitive functions of IMS (Intelligent Mobility Systems) Detection and identification of people and equipment (vehicles) Traffic command and control Navigation Safety and accident prevention Real-time information Information management, decision support systems

3 Seminários sobre Inovação e Desenvolvimento Sustentável Oct 2009Alberto R. Cunha3 Mobility Personal devices People, goods and equipments (namely vehicles) are entities which move or are moved Mobile or personal devices are a becoming an ubiquitous way of identification and communication –Examples: smart cards, RFID tags, smart phones

4 Seminários sobre Inovação e Desenvolvimento Sustentável Oct 2009Alberto R. Cunha4 Mobility Embedded systems Embedded systems are electronic systems included in other (larger) systems Automotive –Safety, security, energy management, comfort –Examples: Engine management, ABS, stability control, parking sensors, navigation, on-board entertainment (audio/video), driver monitoring

5 Seminários sobre Inovação e Desenvolvimento Sustentável Oct 2009Alberto R. Cunha5 Mobility Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) Command, control and monitoring systems covering a wide-area, an infrastructure, or an organisation –Early warning and response to incidents –Operations management Examples: Fleet management (automatic vehicle location), dynamic signals, real-time driver/passenger information systems, tolling

6 Seminários sobre Inovação e Desenvolvimento Sustentável Oct 2009Alberto R. Cunha6 IT trends Computing power is closely related with the evolution of microelectronics technologies –Active devices on a circuit increase 55% per year –Memory capacity doubles each 1,5 to 2 years Communications bandwidth –On local area networks increased an order of magnitude in 5 years These are steady trends from the 1970s Embedded intelligence is here to stay

7 Seminários sobre Inovação e Desenvolvimento Sustentável Oct 2009Alberto R. Cunha7 Building-block technologies Sensors (energy, speed, accelerations, vibrations, orientation, light, rain, proximity, vital signs) Detection and identification (RF/ID, image processing) Local communications (automotive buses, proximity networks) and mobile communications Information systems

8 Seminários sobre Inovação e Desenvolvimento Sustentável Oct 2009Alberto R. Cunha8 Detection and Identification People and vehicles are identified with different technologies People Identification through a personal device (a smart card, a NFC mobile phone) Vehicle – Infrastructure (Road) Detection and identification through a identifier (RFID or Dedicated Short Range Communication) or by image capture and processing Vehicle – Vehicle Detection by ultrasounds, radars and intelligent networks

9 Seminários sobre Inovação e Desenvolvimento Sustentável Oct 2009Alberto R. Cunha9 Person identification Transport cards A transport card is a personal electronic device with the following features Low transaction time ( 150 ms) Simple user interface Logic security Reduced cost Capacity to support new services Contactless card

10 Seminários sobre Inovação e Desenvolvimento Sustentável Oct 2009Alberto R. Cunha10 Lisboa Viva card Microprocessor contactless card –Double interface (with and without contact) –Multi-services Contactless validators E-ticket – Small cost and reusable electronic paper ticket Universal data model Link Consulting, OTLIS

11 Seminários sobre Inovação e Desenvolvimento Sustentável Oct 2009Alberto R. Cunha11 Vehicle identification There are several techniques to identify vehicles, requiring different levels of vehicle and roadside equipments: With pre-defined channels RF antennas and identifiers (DSRC) Via Verde, Electronic License Plate With open control points Image processing London Congestion Charging Open space Satellite-based location and mobile communications Fleet management systems

12 Seminários sobre Inovação e Desenvolvimento Sustentável Oct 2009Alberto R. Cunha12 Vehicle identification ID channelsDedicatedNon dedicatedOpen Radio-frequencyImage recognitionSatellite based location Onboard equipament Identifier-Identifier and mobile communications Detection ExplicitNon explicit Detection complexity SmallLarge Application flexibility ReducedReasonable: License plates Infractions Reasonable: Navigation Tracking Example Via VerdeLondon Congestion Charging Fleet management stystems Virtual tolling

13 Seminários sobre Inovação e Desenvolvimento Sustentável Oct 2009Alberto R. Cunha13 Vehicle identification by DSRC Road tolling Access control to restricted areas Parking Proprietary schemes will evolve to future Electronic License Plate standard © Brisa, EMEL

14 Seminários sobre Inovação e Desenvolvimento Sustentável Oct 2009Alberto R. Cunha14 London Congestion Charging

15 Seminários sobre Inovação e Desenvolvimento Sustentável Oct 2009Alberto R. Cunha15 AVL systems (1/2) Carris example © Carris, Tecmic

16 Seminários sobre Inovação e Desenvolvimento Sustentável Oct 2009Alberto R. Cunha16 AVL systems (2/2) Carris example © Carris, Tecmic

17 Seminários sobre Inovação e Desenvolvimento Sustentável Oct 2009Alberto R. Cunha17 Real-time user information Inform the user about the services and infrastructures available and of their status Dynamic information panels Personal devices or vehicle terminals –Information and alarmistics on the mobile phone SMS Carris service –Radio Data System – Traffic Message Channel Internet (or mobile Internet)

18 Seminários sobre Inovação e Desenvolvimento Sustentável Oct 2009Alberto R. Cunha18 Information processing Data collection from automatic detection and identification enables Real-time control of a system To know the patterns of utilisation of a system and to anticipate future demands

19 Seminários sobre Inovação e Desenvolvimento Sustentável Oct 2009Alberto R. Cunha19 Information processing Ex: Transport mode with a closed network 1.Card + Validator Validation record 2.Validation record Station server 3.Station server Operator server Entry Exit 4.Operator server Intermodal server Exit at Operator A Entry at Operator B...

20 Seminários sobre Inovação e Desenvolvimento Sustentável Oct 2009Alberto R. Cunha20 Information processing Operational systems Infraction detection (excess speed, unauthorised parking, reserved lanes, etc.) Real-time information to users Route planning Management systems Driver behaviour Fleet management (maintenance, costs control) Mobility patterns – Origin/Destination matrices Financial clearing Payment of services and tolling

21 Seminários sobre Inovação e Desenvolvimento Sustentável Oct 2009Alberto R. Cunha21 The future More safety –Location, detection and early warning of hazards –Driver monitoring More security –Vehicle tracking More comfort –Real-time information and integrated navigation –Virtual tolling More flexible services –Car sharing

22 Seminários sobre Inovação e Desenvolvimento Sustentável Oct 2009Alberto R. Cunha22 The future GPS/EGNOS Regional CC Telecom Satelite Road Side Equipmen t Regional CC GPS/ EGNOS Satelite Link Telecom Satelite Link Navigation Terminal © INOV

23 Seminários sobre Inovação e Desenvolvimento Sustentável Oct 2009Alberto R. Cunha23 Intelligent environment BMW ConnectedDrive seeks to intelligently network the driver with his car and the surroundings, thus making road traffic safer, more efficient, and more comfortable BMW

24 Seminários sobre Inovação e Desenvolvimento Sustentável Oct 2009Alberto R. Cunha24 Electronic and information technologies Will became ubiquitous in our hands, cars, roads and cities Are powerfool tools to increase our knowledge of the mobility patterns of motorised and non-motorised people Can be integrated in large Intelligent Mobility Systems which, if properly build and driven will contribute to improve our quality of life

25 Seminários sobre Inovação e Desenvolvimento Sustentável Oct 2009Alberto R. Cunha25 Mobility Mobility Intelligent Transport Systems or Intelligent Mobility Systems Electronics and Information Technologies for Mobility Systems Alberto Ramos da Cunha


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