Apresentação em tema: "Session II: Key Elements of Structured Finance for Renewable Programs and Energy Efficiency “Financial Instruments to Promote Sustainability and Climate."— Transcrição da apresentação:
Session II: Key Elements of Structured Finance for Renewable Programs and Energy Efficiency “Financial Instruments to Promote Sustainability and Climate Change Mitigation Morelia, Mexico, Nov 29, 2012
3| Itaú BBA | Título da Apresentação | Mês Ano Development and Energy are Intrinsically Linked Source: http://holtz.org/Library/Social%20Sc ience/Geography%20and%20Econ omic%20Development%20by%20G allup,%20Sachs/GDP%20Density% 20Map.gif downloaded 12Nov2012 Source: http://www.cojoweb.com/earthlights_d msp_big.jpg, downloaded 12Nov2012
4| Itaú BBA | Título da Apresentação | Mês Ano Yet, Energy and the Biggest Threat to Development, Climate Change, are also Intrinsically Linked… Source: China’s Energy and Carbon Emissions Outlook to 2050, Nan Zhou, David Fridley, Michael McNeil, Nina Zheng, Jing Ke, and Mark Levine, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Report LBNL-4472E, April 2012
5| Itaú BBA | Título da Apresentação | Mês Ano For a Good (?) Reason (So Far!)… Source: Levelized Cost of New Generation Resources in the Annual Energy Outlook 2011, http://www.eia.gov/oiaf/aeo/electricity_generation.html, downloaded 23Nov2012
Itaú Unibanco: Global Presence Itaú Unibanco has a strong presence in South America …... and global distribution capabilities. Itaú BBA USA Securities Inc. Itaú BBA NY Rep. Office Itaú Unibanco NY Branch Itaú Unibanco S.A. Nassau Branch Itaú BBA Nassau Branch Itaú Bank & Trust Bahamas Ltd. Itaú Unibanco S.A. Cayman Branch Itaú Unibanco Holding S.A. Cayman Branch BIE Cayman Ltd. Itaú Unibanco S.A.. (Brazil) Banco Itaú BBA S.A. (Brazil) Banco Itaú Uruguay S.A. Banco Itaú Argentina S.A. Banco Itaú Paraguay S.A. Banco Itaú Chile Itaú BBA U.K. Securities Ltd. Banco Itaú BBA Intl S.A. (London) Banco Itaú BBA Intl S.A. (Lisbon) Banco Itaú BBA Intl Madrid Rep. Office Itaú BBA Shanghai Rep. Office Itaú Ásia Securities Ltd. (Hong Kong) Itaú Asia Securities Ltd. Tokyo Branch Itaú Unibanco Tokyo Branch Itaú Middle East Ltd. (Dubai) Banco Itaú BBA Intl Paris Rep. Office Banco Itaú Europa Luxembourg S.A. Banco Itaú Suisse S.A. Switzerland Banco Itaú BBA Intl Frankfurt Rep. Office Banco Itaú Europa Intl (Miami) Itaú BBA Securities Inc Miami Banco Itaú BBA S.A. Peru Rep. Office Banco Itaú BBA Colombia Our overriding purpose is to contribute decisively to the success of our clients, developing their business in order to achieve sustainable leadership, playing a significant role in the growth of the countries where we operate, and in the advancement of the people who are directly or indirectly served by the projects we support. (…) A great deal of certainty is dangerous. (…) We understand that even when we believe deeply in something we should still question it. The strength of our reputation springs from our capacity to do things better and differently (…)”
7| Itaú BBA | Título da Apresentação | Mês Ano Keys to Successful Climate Change Strategies: Developed through a transparent partnership process involving stakeholders of different sectors Reflects national conditions and preferences, natural resources base, and institutional framework (“national policy goals and national circumstances”) Focus on long-term goals but recognizes short-term tradeoffs Allows for intermediate adjustments, if necessary
8| Itaú BBA | Título da Apresentação | Mês Ano Green Standards Are Fundamental – But Not Enough Large Events Like the 2014 World Cup Are a Great Opportunity to Upgrade Building standards Engagement Between Develpment and Commercial Banks: Focus on Supply Chain
9| Itaú BBA | Título da Apresentação | Mês Ano Social Issues: Low Income Households and the “Poverty Trap” – the Case of Power Distribuition in Brazil Improvement in Social Conditions Lead to Improvement in Economic and Financial Results!
10| Itaú BBA | Título da Apresentação | Mês Ano Ethanol – from Proálcool to flex-fuel Designed in the 70’s as a response for the Oil Crisis Sugar cane production dates back to early XVI century Incentives to increase sugar cane and ethanol production, develop technology, gain consumer support Huge initial success Major difficulties during 80’s, when oil prices fell Solution: technological development (flex fuel), continued support for production Issues: trade-off food x fuel? Financial incentives for agriculture vs. fossil fuel subsidies
11| Itaú BBA | Título da Apresentação | Mês Ano Birth, crisis and success: Technology is the Key Factor!
12| Itaú BBA | Título da Apresentação | Mês Ano 481% growth 1979-2011!!! 292% growth 1979-2011!!! Biofuels: Energy X Food? Not if You Do It Properly...
13| Itaú BBA | Título da Apresentação | Mês Ano Renewables – Wind Power Booming industry worldwide Very low environmental footprint Brazil has estimated 143GW potential Issue: high costs, and lack of local expertise First Govt. Sponsored support program did not deliver Solution: change incentives; support local production Solution: technological development and increased scale of production => lower costs
14| Itaú BBA | Título da Apresentação | Mês Ano A Global Success Story for Renewable Energy Perspectives on Windpower for the world and for Brazil – technical, economical and political questions, Jens Peter Molly, Deutsches Windenergie-Institut GmbH, April 2006 Global Windpower (installed) Forecast (2006) Actual Growth Source: Windpower.net
15| Itaú BBA | Título da Apresentação | Mês Ano In Spite of Many Local Difficulties... Key to Success: Adjust to Local Conditions
16| Itaú BBA | Título da Apresentação | Mês Ano 16 Hydropower Environmental Footprint: Challenges Source: Aneel. Image from http://www.bicusa.org/es/Article.11709.aspx
17| Itaú BBA | Título da Apresentação | Mês Ano 17 Energy Sector – Large Hydro Challenges and Opportunities UHE Balbina Flooded Area: 3150 km2 Capacity: 250 MW (9,44 km2/MW) UHE Tucurui Flooded Area : 2430 km2 Capacity: 4240 MW (0,57 km2/MW) UHE Samuel Flooded Area : 560 km2 Capacity: 217 MW (2,58 km2/MW)
18| Itaú BBA | Título da Apresentação | Mês Ano 18 Energy Sector – Large Hydro Challenges and Opportunities UHE Balbina Flooded Area: 3150 km2 Capacity: 250 MW (9,44 km2/MW) UHE Tucurui Flooded Area : 2430 km2 Capacity: 4240 MW (0,57 km2/MW) UHE Samuel Flooded Area : 560 km2 Capacity: 217 MW (2,58 km2/MW)
19| Itaú BBA | Título da Apresentação | Mês Ano 19 Source: Legal Issues Guidebook to the Clean Development Mechanism, June 2004 Hydropower Environmental Footprint: Solutions and Opportunities
20| Itaú BBA | Título da Apresentação | Mês Ano Challenges and Opportunities 20 Summing up… Source: http://www.ethicalmarkets.com/2010/02/09/hoax-precautionary-principle-anyone-2/ The benefits of strong, early action on climate change outweigh the costs. The effects of our actions now on future changes in the climate have long lead times (...)what we do in the next 10 or 20 years can have a profound effect on the climate in the second half of this century and in the next. No-one can predict the consequences of climate change with complete certainty; but we now know enough to understand the risks. Mitigation - taking strong action to reduce emissions - must be viewed as an investment, a cost incurred now and in the coming few decades to avoid the risks of very severe consequences in the future. If these investments are made wisely, the costs will be manageable, and there will be a wide range of opportunities for growth and development along the way. For this to work well, policy must promote sound market signals, overcome market failures and have equity and risk mitigation at its core. Stern Review, The Economics of Climate Change, 2006