Apresentação em tema: "T HE P RESENT P ERFECT T ENSE. Formação: Have ou Has + particípio passado do verbo principal Afirmativa : He has left. (Ele saiu.) They have arrived."— Transcrição da apresentação:
T HE P RESENT P ERFECT T ENSE
Formação: Have ou Has + particípio passado do verbo principal Afirmativa : He has left. (Ele saiu.) They have arrived. (Eles chegaram.) Interrogativa: Has he left? Negativa: He has not left ou He hasnt left.
Fill in with the Present Perfect Tense of the verb in parentheses. Consult the list of verbs, if necessary. 1. He __________ not __________ his keys. (find) 2. Someone ______________ my bike. (take) 3. __________ the mechanic _________ my car? (fix) 4. Oh! You ______________ my new vase! (break) 5. _________ they __________ you the money? (give) 6. I ______________ everything. (eat)
O Present Perfect Tense em contraste com o Simple Past Tense Tempo indefinido Present Perfect They have visited Chile three times. Tempo definido Simple Past They visited Chile three times – in 1999, 2002 and Momento da ação subentendido Simple Past I bought this pen when I was in Chile.
Fill in with either the Simple Past or the Present Perfect. 1. ______________ Tom? No, I havent. (you,see) 2. I went to London in What ____________ there? (you, do) 3. When I was a child I ___________ to travel by airplane. (hate) 4. Susan ___________ to the USA. (go) 5. He ____________ that movie ten times. (see)
Ação começada no passado prolongando-se até o presente Present Perfect I have lived here for five years. ( Eu moro aqui há cinco anos.) Ação começada e terminada no passado Simple Past I lived here for five years. (Eu morei aqui durante cinco anos) Frase com since (desde) Present Perfect I have lived here since 2005.
Frase com FOR (durante, por) Se for uma ação começada no passado prolongando-se até o presente Present Perfect I have studied here for 5 years. Se for uma ação começada e terminada no passado Simple past I studied here for five years. Now I am studying at the University.
Already and Yet Afirmativa already (já) I have already studied. Negativa yet (ainda) I havent studied yet. Interrogativa already or yet (já) Have you studied yet? Have you already studied?
Fill in with either SINCE or FOR: 1. Mary has been in coma ______ she got to the hospital. 2. He has been completely bald ______ many years. 3. I have been his friend ________ many years. 4. Mike has lived in Barra ________ My cousin has been sick ________ two weeks.
Fill with either ALREADY or YET: 1. She has read that book three times _________. 2. The child hasnt changed his clothes ________. 3. They havent solved their problem _________. 4. Has Mary _________ studied for the exam? 5. Has Mary studied for the exam ________? 6. We have __________ had lunch. 7. Have you finished the exercises _______?