2Formação: Have ou Has + particípio passado do verbo principal Afirmativa :He has left. (Ele saiu.)They have arrived. (Eles chegaram.)Interrogativa:Has he left?Negativa:He has not left ou He hasn’t left.
3Fill in with the Present Perfect Tense of the verb in parentheses Fill in with the Present Perfect Tense of the verb in parentheses. Consult the list of verbs, if necessary.1. He __________ not __________ his keys. (find)2. Someone ______________ my bike. (take)3. __________ the mechanic _________ my car? (fix)4. Oh! You ______________ my new vase! (break)5. _________ they __________ you the money? (give)6. I ______________ everything. (eat)
4O “Present Perfect Tense” em contraste com o “Simple Past Tense” Tempo indefinido → Present PerfectThey have visited Chile three times.Tempo definido → Simple PastThey visited Chile three times – in 1999, 2002 and 2008.Momento da ação subentendido → Simple PastI bought this pen when I was in Chile.
5Fill in with either the Simple Past or the Present Perfect. 1. “______________ Tom?” ”No, I haven’t. (you,see)2. “I went to London in 2004”. “What ____________ there?” (you, do)3. When I was a child I ___________ to travel by airplane. (hate)4. Susan ___________ to the USA. (go)5. He ____________ that movie ten times. (see)
6Ação começada e terminada no passado → Simple Past Ação começada no passado prolongando-se até o presente → Present PerfectI have lived here for five years. (Eu moro aqui há cinco anos.)Ação começada e terminada no passado → Simple PastI lived here for five years. (Eu morei aqui durante cinco anos)Frase com since (desde) → Present PerfectI have lived here since 2005.
7Frase com FOR (durante, por) Se for uma ação começada no passado prolongando-se até o presente → Present PerfectI have studied here for 5 years.Se for uma ação começada e terminada no passado → Simple pastI studied here for five years. Now I am studying at the University.
8Interrogativa → already or yet (já) Have you studied yet? Already and YetAfirmativa → already (já)I have already studied.Negativa → yet (ainda)I haven’t studied yet.Interrogativa → already or yet (já)Have you studied yet?Have you already studied?
9Fill in with either SINCE or FOR: 1. Mary has been in coma ______ she got to the hospital.2. He has been completely bald ______ many years.3. I have been his friend ________ many years.4. Mike has lived in Barra ________ 2004.5. My cousin has been sick ________ two weeks.
10Fill with either ALREADY or YET: 1. She has read that book three times _________.2. The child hasn’t changed his clothes ________.3. They haven’t solved their problem _________.4. Has Mary _________ studied for the exam?5. Has Mary studied for the exam ________?6. We have __________ had lunch.7. Have you finished the exercises _______?