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WV images and Jet Streams Cases Nuno Moreira Instituto de Meteorologia, Lisboa, Portugal 2003.

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Apresentação em tema: "WV images and Jet Streams Cases Nuno Moreira Instituto de Meteorologia, Lisboa, Portugal 2003."— Transcrição da apresentação:

1 WV images and Jet Streams Cases Nuno Moreira Instituto de Meteorologia, Lisboa, Portugal 2003

2 Jets and geopotential upper level trough and ridge 16/2/ /1830UTC

3 Jet Stream … 22/4/ UTC

4 Jet Stream - 2 “branches” 22/4/ /1230 UTC n Keyser and Shapiro (1986)

5 Jet Stream... 24/4/ e 1800 UTC

6 Strong wind – P.Douradas (1380m) 24/4/ e 1800 UTC Strong wind – P.Douradas (1380m) 24/4/ e 1800 UTC –11 km/h 50 km/h

7 … Mean wind and gust … in Penhas Douradas (1380 m) 24/00UTC-25/12UTC 24/18UTC

8 Jet stream... 29/4/ UTC

9 Strong wind - Penhas Douradas 29/4/ UTC n Observations: km/h

10 … and tropopause map 29/4/ UTC n Operational tropopause

11 Jet Stream... 19/9/ UTC

12 Jet “crosses” the front 19/9/ /0630 UTC n Bluestein (1993)

13 Jet Stream... 29/3/ , 0600, 1200 UTC

14 … In the Gulf of Biscay... 29/3/ , 0600, 1200 UTC

15 And strong wind - Penhas Douradas 29/3/ , 0600, 1200 UTC

16 Where is the jet stream ??? 26/2/ UTC

17 Meridional Jet stream !! 26/2/ UTC

18 ... And the sequence UTC 26/2/01

19 References n n Bader, M.J., Forbes, G.S., Grant, J.R., Lilley, R.B. e Waters, A.J., 1995: Images in weather forecasting. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 499 pp. n n Bechtold, P., 2000: Atmospheric moist convection: effects, concepts and modelling/forecast. Módulo do Curso “Weather forecasting in the midlatitudes” realizado na MeteoFrance de 4-15 Dezembro 2000 [ver relatório VAP01/01, Instituto de Meteorologia] n n Bluestein, H.B., 1993: Synoptic-Dynamic Meteorology in Midlatitudes, Vol.II: Observations and Theory of Weather Systems. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 594 pp. n n Boyle, J.S. e Bosart, L.F., 1986: Cyclone-Anticyclone couplets over North America. Part II: Analysis of a major cyclone event over the Eastern United States. Mon. Wea. Rev., 114, n n Elbern, H., Hendricks, J. e Ebel, A., 1998: A climatology of tropopause folds by global analysis. Theor. Appl. Climatology, 59, n n Elizaga, F., Martin, F., Riosalido R., Carretero, O., Elvira, B. e Garcia, A., 1996: Imágenes de vapor de agua: uso en el diagnostico de niveles altos. IV Simposio Nacional de Predección. Memorial “Alfondo Ascaso”, Madrid, Abril 1996, INM. n n Grahame, N., 1998: Christmas Eve storm. Review of interesting synoptic cases. Fourth Meeting of the Working Group on Cooperation between European Forecasters (WG CEF). Set. 98 Comunicação oral. n n Hirschberg, P.A. e Fritsch, J.M., 1991b: Tropopause ondulations and the development of extratropical cyclones - Part II: Diagnostic Analysis and coceptual model. Mon. Wea. Rev., 119, n n Hoskins, B.J., McIntyre, M.E. e Robertson, A.W., 1985: On the use and significance of isentropic potencial vorticity maps. Quart. J. Roy. Meteo. Soc., 111, n n Joly, A e Santurette, P., 2000: Turning dynamical ideas into forecast practice: a proposal for a renewed graphic summary of the synoptic scale situation. Centre National de Recherches Météorologiques, Service Central d´Exploitation Météorologique. Módulo do Curso “Weather forecasting in the midlatitudes” realizado na MeteoFrance de 4-15 Dezembro 2000 [ver relatório VAP01/01, Instituto de Meteorologia]

20 References n n Keyser, D. e Shapiro, M.A., 1986: Review – A review of the structure and dynamics of upper-level frontal zones. Mon. Wea. Rev., 114, n n Malardel, S., 2000: Weather forecasting in midlatitudes regions - Large scale dynamics in the midlatitudes. Módulo do Curso “Weather forecasting in the midlatitudes” realizado na MeteoFrance de 4-15 Dezembro 2000 [ver relatório VAP01/01, Instituto de Meteorologia] n n Moreira, N., 1999: Utilização de imagens de vapor de água na avaliação de campos previstos por Modelos numéricos. Instituto de Meteorologia. n n Morgan,M.C. e Nielson-Gammon, 1998: Using tropopause maps to diagnose midlatitude weather systems. Mon. Wea. Rev., 126, n n NOAA, 1991: Water vapor imagery – Interpretation and applications to weather analysis and forecasting. NOAA Technical report NESDIS 57, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Admnistration, Washington, 213 pp. n n Prates, F., 1996: Utilização de cartas de vorticidade potencial isentrópica no diagnóstico dos processos de ciclogénese. Nota Técnica. Instituto de Meteorologia. n n Romero, R., 2000: Sensitivity of a heavy rain producing Western Mediterranean cyclone to embedded potencial vorticity anomalies. Submetido ao Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society. n n Santurette, P., 1998: About new products and new methods for synoptic forecast in Meteo-France. Casos de estudo apresentados no curso sobre previsão na Meteo-France, Dez. 98. Comunicação oral.


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