A apresentação está carregando. Por favor, espere

A apresentação está carregando. Por favor, espere

Building an innovation culture in Brazil: a quick overview Evando Mirra de Paula e Silva Agência Brasileira de Desenvolvimento Industrial Rio de Janeiro,

Apresentações semelhantes


Apresentação em tema: "Building an innovation culture in Brazil: a quick overview Evando Mirra de Paula e Silva Agência Brasileira de Desenvolvimento Industrial Rio de Janeiro,"— Transcrição da apresentação:

1 Building an innovation culture in Brazil: a quick overview Evando Mirra de Paula e Silva Agência Brasileira de Desenvolvimento Industrial Rio de Janeiro, 04/12/2007

2 ST&I in Brazil: partners for innovative tropical agriculture Natural resources ; Genetic resources; Cereals; Vegetables; Animal breeding; Raw materials; Agroforestry / forestry production; Family farming; Post-harvest/Agribusiness; Environmental protection; Farming automation; Rural and regional development; Fruits Equator Trop. Cancer Trop. Capricorn

3 Biological nitrogen fixation and the soybean industry in Brazil After early failures (since 1909), research (in biological nitrogen fixation, soil, …) made soy one of the most important crops (planted area, production and exports) in Brazil. Soy contributes around 6 % of the Brazilian gross national product (GNP) Around 1 million people are employed in the soy sector in Brazil. Science, Technology and Innovation in Brazil

4 R&D transformed Petrolina from a desert into a garden, responsible for almost the whole exportation of grapes and mangoes. R&D made Brazil a leader in energy from biomass R&D made the cerrado ideal for soy culture. R&D created in Brazil a competitive tropical agriculture GRAINS: cotton, oats, peanuts, rice, wheat, beans, corn, barley, sunflower... production area

5 Renewable Energy: Bio-fuels 1921 USGA: Usina Serra Grande, Alagoas 1921 USGA: Usina Serra Grande, Alagoas First usage of bioethanol as a substitute for gasoline 1923 Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia (INT), RJ 1931 Decree – blend 5-10% ethanol – gasoline (until 1945)

6 Experiments with ethanol in 1925

7 Industrial enterprises NrNrNrNr Innovate and differentiate in product * (1,7%) Specialized in standard products (21,3%) Do not differentiate and show lower productivity (77,1%) Total Innovation in Industry: Ipea industrial firms workers 95% of added value Range of data: 1996– groups: IPEA/ USP, UFMG, UFRJ, UnB, Unicamp, Economy, engineering, regional development, sociology, statistics Inovações, padrões tecnológicos e desempenho das firmas industriais brasileiras. Brasília, Ipea, * Contribute 25% Industrial PIB

8 R&D and Innovation: main areas in Brazil R&D and Innovation: main areas in Brazil From Lenita Turchi & J A De Negri, IPEA

9 Petrobras: world's top producer of oil in deep waters 1983 Piraúna 293 m Science, Technology and Innovation in Brazil

10 Cooperation Petrobras / Universities in Brazil [Portal Lattes 2002] RegionState Research Groups NorthAmazonas01 NortheastBahia07 Ceará01 Paraíba02 Sergipe03 Pernambuco06 Rio Grande do Norte04 Centre West Distrito Federal02 SoutheastSão Paulo10 Minas Gerais03 Espírito Santo01 Rio de Janeiro58 SouthParaná12 Santa Catarina06 Rio Grande do Sul13 Total Research Groups 129

11 Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) Prize CNI Institutions: Embraer, CTA, USP – Poli & São Carlos, UNICAMP, UFSC, UFU, PUC-Rio 3 enterprises: ESSS, CITS & DELTACORE. 100 specialists.

12 Marcopolo: technology, improvement and outdoing Marcopolo has grown along with its initiatives for education, citizenship and environmental management. Throughout it has created innovating projects, and today it is present in its own manufacturing companies in Brazil, Portugal, Argentina, Mexico, Colombia, South Africa and in China. It has recently begun to operate in the segment of LCV (Light Commercial Vehicles), parts and components, and plastic products. friendly robust

13 A bus for the pilgrims

14 SETORES DAS EMPRESAS ENTREVISTADAS Total = 48 empresas P&D de Transnacionais no Brasil

15 TENDÊNCIA DAS EMPRESAS INVESTIMENTOS EM P&D

16 ARGUMENTOS QUE AS FILIAIS BRASILEIRAS UTILIZAM PARA TRAZER P&D Mercado em expansão Custo competitivo Competência dos profissionais Competência científica comprovada Histórico de sucesso em P&D Excelência das universidades e dos centros de pesquisa Excelente relacionamento U-E Fuso horário Infra-estrutura em P&D

17 Santa Rita do Sapucaí: a community innovates (Minas Gerais, inhabitants) Electronics, informatics, telecommunications, textile jobs Revenue in 2006: US $ 380 millions 130 technology-based MSE

18 Gabriela, Clove and Cinnamon… and Informatics 57 MSE 57 MSE jobs jobs computers produced in computers produced in 2006 Revenue US $ 1 billion in 2006 Revenue US $ 1 billion in 2006 Ilhéus Informatics Pole Jorge Amado [Ilhéus, Bahia, inhabitants]

19 Freezing Food - the pão-de-queijo experience: problem in the cooling operation: natural yeast that didn't resist cooling! Biotechnology & Food Technology Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais Universidade Federal de Lavras Universidade Federal de Vi ç osa Centro Tecnol ó gico de Minas Gerais Brazil ~ 500 MSME pão de queijo enterprises Local Market ~ clients External Market: USA, Canada, Mexico, Argentina, Venezuela, Japan, UK, Italy, Germany, Portugal, Spain, France, Israel, Singapore... Market annual growth ~ 100% (in 2005) Innovation in the Kitchen cheese rolls

20 Brazil: Mobilizing Knowledge for Development Not only high tech or information and communication technologies: making effective use of knowledge across economy and society Improving interaction between policies, institutions, technology, people, and government Diffusing knowledge to laymen, farmers, workers, enterprises, and government to improve lives Success cases and a spreading culture of innovation show that the country has the potential to fully develop its innovative capability from Remembrance of Things Past to Great Expectations


Carregar ppt "Building an innovation culture in Brazil: a quick overview Evando Mirra de Paula e Silva Agência Brasileira de Desenvolvimento Industrial Rio de Janeiro,"

Apresentações semelhantes


Anúncios Google