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Youth and art: unveiling the meaning of human rights and social policies for youngsters in the Brazilian reality through the theatre FSS/PUCRS GEPEDH –

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Apresentação em tema: "Youth and art: unveiling the meaning of human rights and social policies for youngsters in the Brazilian reality through the theatre FSS/PUCRS GEPEDH –"— Transcrição da apresentação:

1 Youth and art: unveiling the meaning of human rights and social policies for youngsters in the Brazilian reality through the theatre FSS/PUCRS GEPEDH – Grupo de Estudos e Pesquisas em Ética e Direitos Humanos Beatriz G. Aguinsky Stockholm, 2012 /

2 How to consider the theme of "youth“ Complex theme. Currently, the National Youth Council (Conjuve) defines youth as any individual who is aged between 15 and 29 years. It is a social construction, meaning the production of a given society originated from multiple ways of perceiving the youngsters, which are combine, among other factors, stereotypes, historical moments, multiple references, as well as different and diverse situations regarding class, gender and ethnicity (Esteves; Abramovay, 2009).

3 (In) visibility of youth: a perverse visibility? There are particular implications of the amplified inequities of the broader context in the condition of life of the youths (Invisible in the field of rights and public policy, mainly those affirmative of rights) They tend to be associated with the dangerous classes and recognized by a set of security policies and control (Visible under the repressive mechanisms)

4 Research - Research of qualitative and participant nature, developed with a group of 10 young people with ages between 15 and 29 years. The participants were residents of one of the most vulnerable locations of the city who participate in meetings that discussed themes as youth, human rights and public policy, using the theater as a methodological strategy to mobilize the discussion. In data collection were used, in addition, participant observation and semi-structured interviews regarding the development of the theater experience with the youngsters. As a way of systematizing the contents worked, it was built a play by the young participants, which could connect the debates in the Study - Documentary analysis of public policies for youth in the city of Porto Alegre.

5 Theater  Weekly meetings with youngsters in schools and in public spaces.  Theatrical techniques and reflections on issues brought by the participants regarding Human Rights and Public Policy for Youth.  Contributing to give voice to youth, subverting the contexts in which silence prevails, representing a political path for youth to be aware of who has rights as well as a way to draw attention of society and government to discuss the human rights guarantees youth (Boal, 2009)

6 RESULTS Rights denied / violated tend to be internalized as isolated problems afflicting young people, apart from a more general context in which they live and survive deprived of goods and distribution of wealth. Vulnerabilities? Refer to issues of reproduction of material life, but also the weakening of emotional bonds and lack of social belonging due to age discrimination, ethnic or sexual orientation, relating to social experiences with violence and prejudice. “(..)I like to dress like a boy and it draws people's attention. For the girls who dresses normaly it is easier cause no one keeps looking. I live listening to jokes saying that 'men are missing in the market', calling me 'machorra' and it hurts me a lot. (Young participant, 19 years)

7 They express social issues affecting them like absence of universal social policies. - When you are ill, you have to wait hours in line to get a chance to receive attention... If you do not have health insurance your are treated like an animal... (A27)

8 HUMAN RIGHTS AND THEATER "These Human Rights thing I didn’t understood, in the school teachers do not talk about it... Before I thought that human rights was something just for criminals. I didn’t know it was for everyone... "(C16). "There's to much blah blah blah, I think we learn things by doing, it makes more sense. [...] I have never been connected to this issue Human Rights, but now I'm feeling pretty cool about it. (T27). "

9 SOCIAL POLICIES "Public Policy is one such thing that we have the right... A health clinic, school... But a lot of them does not work right... But is something for us. We also paid for it.. There is a social obligation to provide something good "(J4-27 years)

10 Social Policies: Only 17 Programs and services targeted to youth 06 only for those till 18 years N = 17

11 The study points to social experiences that make up the naturalization of human rights violations and the invisibility of youth in public policy.

12 It is observed that the theater carries a strong methodological potential to enable spaces of effective participation of young people in discussing their concerns, experiences and questioning their daily lives, an opportunity to recognize themselves as protagonists of their process development and subject of rights.

13 REFERENCES AQUINO, Luseri In: CASTRO, Jorge Abraão; AQUINO, Luseni Maria; ANDRADE, Carla Coelho. Juventude e Política Social no Brasil, IPEA – Brasília, 2009 AGUINSKY, Beatriz; TEJADAS, Silvia da Silva; FERNANDES, Idilia. Entre a Garantia de Direitos e o Reforço a Subalternização: Concepções e Práticas Ainda em Disputa sobre o Público Alvo da política de Assistência In: MENDES, Jussara Maria, PRATES, Jane Cruz, AGUINSKY, Beatriz. O Sistema Único de Assistência Social. Entre a Fundamentação e o Desafio da Implantação, EDPUCRS, Porto Alegre,RS, BOAL, Augusto. A estética do Oprimido. Ed. Garamond. Rio de Janeiro, RJ, 2009 ESTEVES, Luiz Carlos; ABRAMOVAY, Miriam; Juventude, juventudes: pelos outros e por elas mesmas In: ABRAMOVAY, Miriam; ANDRADE, Eliane; ESTEVES, Luiz Carlos (org). Juventudes: outros olhares sobre a diversidade. 1ª ed. Brasília, SALES, Apolinário Mione. (In)visibilidade perversa: adolescentes infratores como metáfora da violência. São Paulo: Ed Cortez, 2007.


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