Apresentação em tema: "Por uma agenda espacial latino-americana – a visão do INPE"— Transcrição da apresentação:
1Por uma agenda espacial latino-americana – a visão do INPE Dr. João Vianei SoaresDiretor de Observação da Terra
2Por uma agenda espacial latino-americana – a visão do INPE INPE/MCT como instituição de estado segue a orientação do estado (MRE, ABC, CNPq, CAPES...)
3estratégia visão objetivos missão Tarefas prioritárias benefícios Plano de longo prazoUma imagem inspiradoraobjetivosmissãoObjetivos estratégicos de alto nívelUma descrição ideal de comoPretendemos chegar láTarefas prioritáriasO que faremos e quais os resultados esperados para atingir os objetivosnum dado tempobenefíciosresultadosMétrica de indicadoresVantagens para a sociedade
4Por uma agenda espacial latino-americana – a visão do INPE Capacitação (infra-estrutura, institucional e treinamento e educação)CRECTEALC (Centro Regional em Ciência e Tecnologia Espaciais para a América LatinaPós-Graduação em Sensoriamento RemotoTreinamento e difusão (Spring, Terralib, Terraview)Teleducação (e-learning)Política de dados CBERS (expansão ? Cotopaxi? CB em infra-estrutura? Institucional?)GEOSS (representação no ExCom)EOPA (operação do GOES-10)CEOS SIT constelação de satélites
5Por uma agenda espacial latino-americana – a visão do INPE CB-07-P4: Open Source Software (OSS)Encourage the development and use of open source solutions across/along the Earth observation value chain through:§ Developing an inventory of possible OSS solutions that could be used within GEO. Making this inventory and identified solutions available through the GEO portal.§ Building on existing efforts and drawing on networks of OSS (and other) developers to stimulate OSS and other value chain related projects that foster the development of local technical skills for software production.§ As a starting point TerraView and Terralib will be used to encourage the development of open source software for end users dealing with integrated Earth observation and GIS data.
6Workshop on Capacity Building, São José dos Campos GEO and GEOSSWorkshop on Capacity Building,São José dos Campos
7Importance of Earth Observation Data Flooding in Europe, Earthquake in Pakistan, Indian Ocean Tsunami, Katrina, and other natural disastersClimate change, biodiversity conservation, threat to propertyWe all need to care about timely, reliable Earth observation data.This is key to helping everyone understand how GMES and GEOSS work together and that it is a benefits driven effort.Societal benefits is the entire rationale for integration and implementation. If we do not demonstrate tangible benefits to society, we will not maintain political support.We cannot just focus on the systems but on how, together with other systems, we can create benefits to people.This is a global effort – Italy is leading the tsunami effort, Germany is leading the Science and Technology Committee.North Sea Barriers – preventing flooding from storm surgeForest Fire in Portugal - August 7, 2005WaterLand Neeltje Jans Museumcourtesy Environmental Agencycourtesy Reuters
8GEO and GEOSS……. GEO = Many People = Group on Earth Observations GEOSS = One Vision =Establish a global, coordinated, comprehensiveand sustained system of Earth observing systems62 nations, the EC, 43 international organizations, and executive committee, a secretariat (in Geneva) and a five working groups that will become standing committees after the December plenary.TsunamiUser InterfaceScience & TechnologyArchitecture & DataCapacity Building & Outreach
9Recommendation from WSSD, Johannesburg, 2002 “Strengthen cooperation and coordination among global observing systems and research programmes for integrated global observations, taking into account the need for building capacity and sharing of data from ground-based observations, satellite remote sensing and other sources among all countries”
10GEOSS should answer Society’s need for Better Earth ObservationsEasier & More Open Data AccessInformed Decision MakingSeven shortcoming were identified as target areas that GEOSS could address:Lack of access to data and associated benefits in the developing worldEroding technical infrastructureLarge spatial and temporal gaps in specific data setsInadequate data integration and interoperabilityUncertainty over continuity of observationsInadequate user involvementLack of relevant processing systems to transform data into useful information
1134 Countries and 20 International Organizations EOS II July 31, 2003, Washington, D.C.34 Countries and 20 International OrganizationsEOS IIApril 25, 2004, Tokyo, Japan47 Countries and 26 International OrganizationsEOS IIIFebruary 2005, BrusselsNearly 60 Countries, EC and over 40 International OrganizationsEOS IThe creation and formalization of GEO and the GEOSS concept were the outcome of a series of Earth Observation Summits beginning in 2003 in Washington D.C. and most recently in early 2005 in Brussels. In the most recent of these Summits (Feb. 2005), the Group on Earth Observations (GEO) was formally established and the 10-year plan for the implementation of the GEOSS, which had been under preparation during 2004, was endorsed.Endorsed the GEOSS 10-Year Implementation PlanFormally established the Group on Earth Observations (GEO)Endorsed the creation of a Secretariat hosted by WMOEOS IIEOS III
1210-year Implementation Plan Accompanying reference document Secretariat hosted by WMODefines 9 societal benefit areas and 5 cross-cutting areas:Disasters CommonalitiesHealthEnergyClimateWater ArchitectureWeather Data and UsersEcosystems Capacity BuildingAgriculture OutreachBiodiversityCurrently engaged in creating the 2006 workplan which focuses on starting to build the relationships that will be required to create the architecture, reaching agreement on necessary data releases, and identifying the needs of the user communities and creating awareness of the utility of earth observation information among communities and sectors in which it is currently underutilized.
13GEOSS: Here to promote data sharing for earth observations Here to promote interagency, intergovernmental, and interdisciplinary collaborationHere to encourage sharing infrastructureHere to inform the decision makers what needs to be done and to build the political will to make it happen.Data accessibility and system interoperability are crucial to creating GEOSS. Common area.International collaboration is the glue that makes us global in scope.Encouragement of shared infrastructure is what will make us effective in creating integration. This can take the form of shared missions, shared networks, and shared control through joint planning.GEOSS has engaged the political and decision-making level in its member nations to a remarkable extent. Inception due to a unique convergence of scientific and political thinking. Ist ref. to need for globally coordinated EO from world summit on sustainable development in Johannesburg (2002), subsequent articulation of the millenium development goals. Followed in June 2003 by a G8 summit in Evian that affirmed the importance of EO as a priority activity. These followed by the EO Summits that eventually led to the creation of the Group on Earth Observations and GEOSS.
14GEOSS will serve 9 Societal Benefit Areas 1. Prevention/Reduction of effects of disasters2. Human Health and Epidemiology3. Energy Management4. Climate Change5. Water Management6. Weather Forecasting7. Ecosystems8. Agriculture9. BiodiversityThe Framework Document was adopted in the Earth Observation Summit II and set out nine socio-economic benefit topics to be derived through Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS). The 9 topics are as follows;1. Reduction and Prevention of Disasters2. Human Health3. Energy Management4. Climate Change5. Water Management6. Weather Forecasting7. Ecosystem8. Agriculture9. Biodiversity
15Five Transverse Areas 1. Architecture 2. Data Management 3. User Engagement4. Capacity Building5. OutreachThe Framework Document was adopted in the Earth Observation Summit II and set out nine socio-economic benefit topics to be derived through Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS). The 9 topics are as follows;1. Reduction and Prevention of Disasters2. Human Health3. Energy Management4. Climate Change5. Water Management6. Weather Forecasting7. Ecosystem8. Agriculture9. Biodiversity
16Why a Transverse Approach Why a Transverse Approach ? Same observations are often relevant to many Societal Benefit Areas (e.g., Altimetry)
17Why a Transverse Approach. Many are interdependent (e. g Why a Transverse Approach ? Many are interdependent (e.g., Weather-Disasters Climate-Agriculture-Health Water-Energy)
18El Niño consequences at global scale Forest fires in Indonesia Floods in California
19Risk of Re-emergence of Infectious Diseases Some in connection with El Niño/La Niña eventsCholéraDengueMeningitus2002
20GEO Organization GEO Plenary Executive Committee CoordinationGEO PlenaryExecutive CommitteeDirectorManagement and Coordination TeamScientific ExpertsExpertCommunitiesAdvice & RecommendationsCoordination &FacilitationLeadershipOversightImplementation GuidanceGuidance and ParticipationGEO SecretariatStanding CommitteesInputsDialogueCapacity BuildingArchitecture & DataScience & TechnologyUser InterfaceGEO OrganizationThe governance structure of GEO is shown is this chart.The GEO Plenary (all Member nations) has overall authority. Three organizations have been created to carry out the decisions of GEO Plenary: - the GEO Executive Committee, - a set of four standing Committees, and - the GEO Secretariat.The GEO Executive Committee is comprised of 12 Members from the GEO Plenary. There are: two from Africa, three for the Americas, three from Asia and Oceania, one from the Commonwealth of Independent States, and three from Europe.Within the GEO Executive Committee are four co-chairs: the European Commission, the United States, China, and South Africa.On the left of this chart are the four standing Committees: - Capacity Building and Outreach, - Architecture and Data, - Science and Technology, and - User Interface (perhaps better named 'User Requirements').On the right of the chart is the GEO Secretariat. GEO has now hired an Executive Director, introduced on the next slide.
21Executive Committee 4 co-Chairs: EC, USA, China and South Africa 12 MembersRegional representationAfrica(2) : Morocco and South AfricaAmericas(3): Brazil, Honduras, USACIS: RussiaAsia(3): China, Japan and ThailandEurope(3): EC, Germany and Italy4 co-Chairs: EC, USA, China and South Africa
22Capacity Building Objectives: develop (through a global partnership) human, scientific, technological, and institutional resources and capabilities across the nine Societal Benefit Areas.Main ThemesEarth observation infrastructure (particularly in developing countries)Institutional capacities andEducation and training.
23http://earthobservations.org GEOSS IS: Comprehensive Coordinated Sustained