Apresentação em tema: "2 Brazilian Model Of Internet Governance Marcelo Lopes Secretary of IT Policy - SEPIN Ministry of Science and Technology - MCT Coordinator of CGI.br"— Transcrição da apresentação:
2 Brazilian Model Of Internet Governance Marcelo Lopes Secretary of IT Policy - SEPIN Ministry of Science and Technology - MCT Coordinator of CGI.br
Evolution of Brazilian Internet First Network Connection (Bitnet) => 88 Domain.br registered => 89 Start of Commercial Operation => 95 Creation of CGI.br => 95 Registro.br Automation => 97 IXP (NAP) Installation in São Paulo => 97
Legal Framework Creation – Ministry Act Nº 147 of May 1995; Alteration - Presidential Decree Nº of September Main Goal - to assist Internet initiatives in the country, assuring quality and efficiency of the services, and the fair and free competition among the providers.
establish strategic guidelines to the use and the development of Internet in Brazil; recommend technical and operational procedures and norms for the Internet in Brazil; coordinate the assignment of Internet addresses (IPs) and the registration of domain names using ccTLD ; propose programs of R&D that promote innovation, quality, and dissemination of the use and development of the Internet in Brazil. CGI.br – Main Responsibilities
Domains in the World aprox (Jan 2005) 1..com de net uk org info nl biz it us br jp Top 10 ccTLDs - more than 71% of all ccTLDs. Total of ccTLDs - more than 36% of the market. 1.. de uk nl it us br (~1.1%) 7..jp kr ca be fr se pl
Foundations of the Brazilian Model of Internet Governance MULTISTAKEHOLDER Participation –4 sectors represented DEMOCRATIC Process –Election for non governmental representatives TRANSPARENCY – Information dissemination through the Web and mechanisms of public consultancy in all processes
Multistakeholder Participation CGI.br Composition - 4 sectors Government 9 members Private Sector 4 members Third Sector 4 members Academic Sector 3 members Internet Specialist1 member Total 21 members
GOVERNMENT I.S. CIVIL SOCIETY CGI.br - Structure 01.- Ministério da Ciência e Tecnologia 02.- Ministério das Comunicações 03.- Casa Civil da Presidência da República 04.- Ministério do Desenvolvimento, Indústria e Comércio Exterior 05.- Ministério do Planejamento, Orçamento e Gestão 06.- Ministério da Defesa 07.- Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico 08.- Agência Nacional de Telecomunicações 09.- Fórum Nacional dos Secretários Estaduais da Ciência e Tecnologia 10.- Notório Saber 11.- Setor Empresarial - Provedores de Acesso e Conteúdo 12.- Setor Empresarial - Provedores de Infra- Estrutura de Telecomunicações 13.- Setor Empresarial - Bens de Informática, de Telecomunicações e de Software 14.- Setor Empresarial - Usuários 15.- Terceiro Setor 16.- Terceiro Setor 17.- Terceiro Setor 18.- Terceiro Setor 19.- Setor Acadêmico 20.- Setor Acadêmico 21.- Setor Acadêmico
Democratic Process - Elections Organizations from three sectors forming voting constituencies Private sector – divided in four segments –ISPs –Telecom operators –Hardware and software –Heavy users Constituencies from the three sectors indicate their own candidates Elections in two phases by a secure Web mechanism in july/2004.
Transparency Open discussion to formulate the rules for the electoral process. Public consultations in many phases of electoral process: Rules for election Candidates indications Election results All the issues discussed in CGI.br meetings are published on the WEB.
Technical Activities TC – Technical Commissions –Indicators and Statistics –Anti SPAM –Global Internet Governance –IPs Policy –Strategic Planning –IXP – Internet Exchange Points –Public Relations –Digital Inclusion –E-Commerce WG – Working Groups –Network Engineering and operation –Network Security –Capacity Building
A Global Coordination Forum Multilateral, Democratic and Transparent Multistakeholder (all segments) with all organizations involved in accordance with WSIS principles. Some International Oversight mechanism Vision About International Internet Governance
References Brazilian Internet Steering Committee CGI.br => Information and Coordination Centre for.br NIC.br => Domain Registration => Security Response Team => IXPs =>
Capacity Building Program for Developing Countries Program: –Software Architecture; –Database Structure; –Hardware Platform; –Security and Connectivity. scholarships for participants from developing countries.